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EN 2120
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Prose Narrative EN2120 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Judith Stuart Lecture 3 – Sept 22 Last week’s topics – review Subjectivity or Objectivity - Antonyms. - Subjectivity is associated with the inner workings of the mind – opinions we base on emotions – associated with the ‘truth’ – the truth never means the same to two people in the room – it can be changed in the mind of the person – personal biases. - Objectivity is associated with imperial reality – we try to be analytical – the ‘facts’. - In Poe – ‘I’ speaks directly to the audience – makes the reader feel that we are in the confidence of the speaker – he wants us to believe that he is ‘telling the truth and nothing but the truth’ – the narrator tells you that he’s giving information that is objective, we shouldn’t believe it because we only have the narrator’s point of view in tths and probably insane. o 4 paragraph on page 15 – appearance.  Fortunado has been drinking much – this is subjective because it depends on what the reader believes to be ‘much’. o Carnival is 40 days before Easter.  Fortunado is dressed as a joker (appearances). • Useful in creating mood and it gives a bit of character. o The text is almost asking to make a relationship and understanding with you – you have to bring your relations to the text. - Can any prose text be completely objective? o Probably not. o Non-fiction – attempt to present authorial objectivity. o Modern theorists argue that no author can be fully objective due to the fact that the ideas of what to do include in a story is based on personal choice, and therefore objective. - Rhetorical strategies regarding objectivity and subjectivity. o Rhetoric is the art of persuasion – it includes the author to take a sense of authority.  Logos – appeal to logic & intelligence.  Ethos – appeal to someone’s character.  Pathos – appeal to emotion. - It’s dangerous to think that any point of view is objective because the point of view is subjective. Historicism - Examines the relationships between the text and the historical moments in which that text was produced – can talk about the production or things that we find out in the text itself. - Relationships between the society and the literature that is produced by the society – also the society that is produced by the book. o Societies in books tend to sometimes represent/replicate the society of the author. - Has fallen into disfavour. Author-Centered Criticism - For more theorists that a work of literature is the produ
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