EN2120 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Judith Stuart
Lecture 3 – Sept 22
Last week’s topics – review
Subjectivity or Objectivity
- Subjectivity is associated with the inner workings of the mind – opinions we base
on emotions – associated with the ‘truth’ – the truth never means the same to two
people in the room – it can be changed in the mind of the person – personal
- Objectivity is associated with imperial reality – we try to be analytical – the ‘facts’.
- In Poe – ‘I’ speaks directly to the audience – makes the reader feel that we are in
the confidence of the speaker – he wants us to believe that he is ‘telling the truth
and nothing but the truth’ – the narrator tells you that he’s giving information that
is objective, we shouldn’t believe it because we only have the narrator’s point of
view in tths and probably insane.
o 4 paragraph on page 15 – appearance.
Fortunado has been drinking much – this is subjective because it
depends on what the reader believes to be ‘much’.
o Carnival is 40 days before Easter.
Fortunado is dressed as a joker (appearances).
• Useful in creating mood and it gives a bit of character.
o The text is almost asking to make a relationship and understanding with
you – you have to bring your relations to the text.
- Can any prose text be completely objective?
o Probably not.
o Non-fiction – attempt to present authorial objectivity.
o Modern theorists argue that no author can be fully objective due to the fact
that the ideas of what to do include in a story is based on personal choice,
and therefore objective.
- Rhetorical strategies regarding objectivity and subjectivity.
o Rhetoric is the art of persuasion – it includes the author to take a sense of
Logos – appeal to logic & intelligence.
Ethos – appeal to someone’s character.
Pathos – appeal to emotion.
- It’s dangerous to think that any point of view is objective because the point of
view is subjective.
- Examines the relationships between the text and the historical moments in which
that text was produced – can talk about the production or things that we find out
in the text itself. - Relationships between the society and the literature that is produced by the
society – also the society that is produced by the book.
o Societies in books tend to sometimes represent/replicate the society of the
- Has fallen into disfavour.
- For more theorists that a work of literature is the produ