"Dracula" January 13
1. What is the self (Who am I)?
2. What is gender?
3. What configuration of values/anxieties/impossibilities does the vampire represent?
Literary form/genre: the epistolary novel (it's written in the form of letters); results in ability for
multiple narrators, different opinions/views/accounts--> seen through different eyes; Dracula is
a novel about perceptions--it's also a novel about senses, particularly smell
None of these narrators (these are dramatic narrators) are reliable because they are not
Certain problems emerge in the beginning, and are addressed in the latter parts of the book
As Harker crosses through Buda into Pesth, he starts to hear and see odd things; he crosses into
the world of the exotic--even the people look weird to him; also, the spices and clothes there
Dracula's castle is real, but not known--> it is not on a map; Harker is journeying into
disorientation; the longer he's in the castle, the more confused and feminine he becomes
What is bad needs to be killed off
Watch for pairs of things
"A Dracula Handbook," Elizabeth Miller
"Bram Stoker's Notes for Dracula: A Facsimile Edition," Elizabeth Miller
Stoker made a note not to include mirrors in Dracula's castle; mirrors are an affirmation of our
physical existence; he's journeying into the unknown/what you can't see
Authorial intent=what the author intended
In Coppola's "Bram Stoker's Dracula," there's a moment where Dracula's shadow does
something different from him--brilliant.
John Polidori, "The Vampyre"; Sheridan Le Fanu, "Carmilla"
Stoker wanted the notion of no shadow to be in the novel; interesting notion that something
that's not there exists (the vampire appears to be there, but he has no shadow--how do we
know that he exists?)
Stoker also wanted the idea of painters being unable to paint Dracula/him always looking like
someone else in paintings to be in the novel
Vampire represents something that is real but not tangible
Known to Self Not Known to Self
Known to Others OPEN (we all know) BLIND (others know, but I
Not Known to Others HIDDEN/PRIVATE (I know, but UNKNOWN (I don't know and
you don't; a secret) you don't know; experience
over time teaches us that
something is there)
Conscious Mind Unconscious Mind
Jung and Freud try to explain why t