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EN 3170
Peter Paolucci

Dracula, Stoker; The Vampyre, Polidori; Freud & Jung; Burke January 27 Freud Jung The Self: The Self: Id (primal instincts ; libido; -Personal unconscious vs. collective unconscious unconscious), ego (), superego ("above"; -Individuation conscience - sense of right and wrong - taboo; we -Archetypes can be driven by the unconscious without knowing -Ego=conscious it though) -underneath that is the Shadow -way underneath that are Archetypes -Reality (superego) vs. pleasure (id) Anima/animus: gender disconnects; animus is the repressed male part in the female psyche, anima is the repressed female part in the male psyche -Ontogenic - our own personal evolution Projection - what we're projecting onto someone -Phylogenic - our societal evolution else is what we've repressed in ourselves -Repression -Sublimation - substituting pleasures for taboos  "Sublime" - there's a difference between Sublime and beauty  "Heart of Darkness" and "Apocalypse Now"  In "Apocalypse Now," Kurtz tries to deal with the horror of war in a rational way - this is not possible, it ends in death; it's beyond horror, beyond understanding  Sublime dates back to the 1st century C.E., thought to be written by Cassius Longinus  Sublime generally refers to that which exceeds the limits of reason and logic; that which we cannot understand  Burke, "Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful" - published 1757; the Sublime becomes an important concept in the 18th century to discuss art and aesthetics (philosophy of the beautiful)  Empiricist: we learn from our senses  Indebted to Longinus: language and art have the power to produce affective response  Burke wants to think about the difference between the beautiful and the Sublime; wants to understand why we react differently to each  Burke's definition of the Sublime: "whatever is in any sort terrible, or is conversant about terrible objects, or operates in a manner analogous to terror, is a source of the Sublime" (Burke 51)--> this is online  Characteristics of the Sublime: "obscurity" (74); "astonishment" (72); "dangerous"; "infinite"; masculine  For Burke, Sublime is: "productive of the strongest emotion which the mind is capable of feeling" (51) - Therefore, the Sublime is far superior in power to the beautiful; more than just a rhetorical model; knowledge is fine but if you want power...; "it is our ignorance..." (78)  Facing the Sublime: Why bother?; there are many cases of Sublime in Dracula  Fear leads to paralysis - "No passion so effectually robs the mind of all its powers of act
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