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Lecture 4

EN 3193 Lecture 4: EN 3193 - Winter

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York University
EN 3193
Judith Stuart

EN 3193 02.08.17 Announcements • Essay proposal due next week • Drop date is Feb. 10 by 4 pm Essay proposal • Pick the overwhelming type of social criticism involved (harsh, gentle, chaotic); which do you think it is? You can say “this is principally this kind of satire” and prove your point, this leaves room for other possibilities • Compare and contrast; two that do things in the same way or that are starkly different • Allowed to have a working thesis statement • Bloody Chambers – any one work from the collection, not just the ones from the syllabus • Try to find two texts that you can find a balance treatment on; a novel and short story would be unbalanced • Research requirement o Very minimum number of entries: 6 (4 research, 2 primary) o Better to do more research than just 4 articles, explore the possibilities • Proper MLA style, good working title, intro paragraph (best possible, full, articulate paragraph, good clear topic sentence, clear defensible thesis that is underlined and relates to the question of the assignment; have details of your two key texts and your research supports; thesis tells what you’re going to talk about, your approach to that and sometimes your attitude towards it; no “I” pronouns, the reader will discover…); if you want to draw a line and do something in point form that indicates your tentative ideas (not marked but reviewed by the prof to help develop your paper); no 5-paragraph structure, don’t try to force your ideas into one paragraph, it’s one idea that is clearly explored • Thesis statement brings your argument together o An analysis of Wilde’s poem and one of the short stories from the bloody chambers indicates “this” o This implies the order you’re going to do your essay in, if you set it up to talk about Wilde before the bloody chamber, write your essay that way; could interlock the paragraphs, or you can do first half on Wilde, linking paragraph (constraints of poetry seem to have forced the author into this approach… while a short story allows for a more extensive exploration…), and then the second half on the bloody chamber • Remember, you can site two chapters of the same research book and it counts as 2 sources, under one citation • Didn’t say we couldn’t use electronic resources but they do have to be university caliber (Jstor); nothing before 1960s • Works consulted The importance of being earnest • Comedy, movement from outside social stability into social stability; typically ends in multiple marriages • We do have an abandoned baby, left in a handbag at a railway line, but it’s eventually resolved in a happy fashion; there is a death • Wilde’s ability to make us laugh is what makes the play important, it’s full of puns and one-liners, double entendre (usually promiscuous), fighting over food (both men and women) but has a social criticism undertone o Cucumber sandwiches  leisure food of high social standing; people that don’t work o Bread vs. Cake o Muffins vs. tea-cake 2 • Algernon is the Wildean character, the romantic character, not the dynamic one as Jack is • A traditional mode of work, paying attention to conventions; deliberate menippean satire to make you think about chaos and foolishness of the play rather than the lack of serious arguments; pokes fun at the establishment • Satire can be bitter, can be used to laugh at ourselves; supposd to be instructive, view our own faults • Bunburying – white lies to avoid hurting people or to make your life easier • Satirist ends up being the moral teacher, the audience ends up being the pupil; Horatian satire is light and typical, you’re not going to find anything Juvenalian satire that wouldn’t be considered a stretch • Some people will argue that lady Bracknell represents corruption of women in power and anxiety of women in power but this isn’t a solid conclusion • No shame, tears of embarrassment • The word comedy comes from Greek origin o Komoidia; rebel song • Melo-drama o Includes melody – Algernon playing the piano o The production of the play needs music to make sense; must o Also, has to be exaggerated ▪ Senex  classical blocking figure; someone is blocking romance, usually a parent of the lovers, usually a male, usually father of the daughter; Bracknell is the senex though, the one who’s making all the decisions despite women not being supposed to have the authoritative rule • Familial relationship o Jack and Gwendolyn are considered cousins, but love each other and want to get married; this is typical for this time-period 3 o Marriage to a first cousin was completely appropriate, eventually it became taboo; bringing family alliances, your family already knows them o Bracknell isn’t asking questions about love, more about financial stability • Reversal of Brother’s Ages o Jack is older in the play ▪ Jack would have both fortunes, Algernon would be more dependent ▪ Jack would still have authority over Algernon, it makes sense with the maturity level of the characters that Jack would be older and Algernon would be younger o Algernon is older in the movie ▪ Algernon would be the one who inherited things, Jack already has money through his foster parents, he’s already well-situated so for him to be the older sibling and then to have inheritance over Algernon would make him redundantly wealthy and possibly an unlikable character • Two basic kinds of comedy o Romantic comedy ▪ Revolves around love and marriage ▪ Frequently employs use of nature ▪ Wilde is showing off his understanding of the division between the country/city life that Shakespeare developed ▪ The young man desires a young woman, opposed by the senex o Satirical comedy ▪ Something that could play into essays, decide which
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