1. What effect did David Garrick achieve—or try to achieve—by rewriting the end
of R&J (as on the handout)? Why might Shakespeare have wanted a different kind
of relationship between R&J and the audience?
2. Examine the Nurse’s speech at 4.4.8085 and Friar Lawrence’s speech at 5.3.228
68. Why should a director leave them in rather than cut them?
Bottom pulls together many aspects of AMND. Intermediary figure.
1.5 ▯ .4
2.4 ▯ 3.2
1.5 minor characters preparing for feast, the occasion of meeting of R&J. 4.4, these
characters enter again. A reply of a situation from earlier in the play.In the first scene is of
happy anticipation, R is going to meet J athe ball. Happy occasion itself “welcome
gentleman”. Which is different from 4.4, it is to celebrate the wedding of J&P, air of
futility, J can’t marry P because she has already married R. The futility turns into agony.
“What noise is there…oh heavy day…she is deceased.”
2.1 a sense in a more comic mode, 3.5 a scene repeated in tragedy.
2.4 shows J alone, impatient for the nurse. The delight stems from the matter of J waiting
for Nurse to confirm rendevous with R, but the audience knows that they will meet.17
“Oh god she comes…” Nurse is a character that slows down the dynamic of R&J. 3.2 J
alone, impatient again. “Romeo..come..ona raven’s beck” J using same imaginary that R
was using to apply to J—the light and dark.
Why S begins R&J with a prologue?
“Two households…to mend”
no sense of suspense over the ending
the play is about a pair of starcrossed lover, “fearful passage of their death
emphasis of “how” the process of how the play unfolds rather than the what.
inclusion of the audience, invites us to hold a position of superior awareness of
R&J in the way that the prologue has a superior awareness
the form of the prologue is one that the audience is familiar with. It is the
quintessential romantic form of poetry. This is poem that deals with the concern
of love poetry.
“love rage removed staged” narrative, impersonal (“two households”) , not the traditional imagery, tells a story
“grudge, mutiny, death, strife, fearful, deathmarked love, rage” alien to
experience of most sonnets, which is about two lover, nature.
1.1 (enter Samson, Gregory)—they are speaking in unidstinguish language, characters in
prose, lowclass characters.
“i will take the wall..im a pretty piece of flesh”
individuality of these characters seem to be draining away from them as feud
Lower class characters pulling everyone into their feud
Siginifiance: shows the force of the discourse when the Prince can barely control
Benvolio’s speech is choppy, still out of breathe from the fight
“an hour before the worship sun..the east”: precious about Romeo, the
preciousness comes out even further at M’s speech
“many a morning…with his deep sighs…to draw the shadiest curtains…private in
his chamber pens himself…an artificial night”—the world seems so fragile
compared to lowerclass jokes and the violent feud
see R as somebody set apart from this world
“out of her love where i am in love” lovesick
“see pathway to his will….”doubt the depth of his affection when he switches
form the person he is supposed to be in love with to his hunger.
“yet tell me not…more with love” doesn’t care about the feud. Encyclopaedia of
sonnet metaphors. Oxymoron “feather of lead” “cold fire” “sick health”—used to
describe the indescribable state of being in love
“does thou not laugh?”
B “who is that you love?” : we’ve heard experience of Romeo’s love from the
inside but no name attached on the outside.
“I love a …woman” still not revealed
still have Romeo’s selfindulgent sense of her, don’t know her identity yet
R is full of sonnet emotion, has a long way to go to grow up.
1.3: stage setup tells us J’s character. J is showing a diff kind of immaturity, half child,
marriageable age, marry her off. Nurse more certain of J’s age, shows relationship