Class Notes (835,674)
Canada (509,326)
York University (35,236)
English (906)
EN 3535 (60)
all (11)
Lecture

lecture_5_-_rich.docx

4 Pages
122 Views
Unlock Document

Department
English
Course
EN 3535
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Shakespeare EN3535 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Elizabeth Pentland Lecture 5 Part 2 – Richard III – Oct 18 Richard Burbage (1568-1619) - One of the most famous actors in Shakespeare’s time. - Shareholder in Shakespeare’s theatre. - Played the lead role in Richard III. Last Week… - Background to the play: Shakespeare’s sources for the story of Richard III. - Wars of the Roses (period of civil war in England; Lancastrians and Yorkists). - Women’s roles in the play, the power of cursing. - ‘Tudor Myth’ vs. the historical Richard III. - Richard as tyrant, and as Machiavel. Richard as ‘Machiavel’ - Figure of the Machiavel associated with the work of the Italian political theorist Nicolo Machiavelli, especially his treatise The Prince (1513; published 1532). - ‘I am determined to prove a villain’ (1.1.30) - ‘Plots have I laid…’ (1.1.32) - ‘And if King Edward be as true and just/ As I am subtle, false, and treacherous…’ (1.1.36-37). - ‘Thus, like the formal Vice, iniquity, I moralize two meanings in one word’ (3.1.82- 83). - References to his misshapen body (cf. opening soliloquy); outward appearance corresponds to the state of his soul? - Like Aaron and lago, Richard uses the prejudices of his peers to his advantage, exploiting misogynist discourse in his campaigns against Elizabeth Woodville, and his older brother Edward IV. - Works to discredit his rivals (or has them killed). - Exploiting the ‘theatricality of power’: acting the parts of loyal brother and confidant, love-sick wooer, victim of slander and witchcraft, religious man, reluctant heir to the crown. - Manufacturing evidence, post-facto justifications (e.g. indictment of Hastings). - Do the ‘ends justify the means’? Edward IV (r. 1461-1470; 1471-1483) - First Yorkist King of England. - Famously had many mistresses, including Jane Shore. - Secretly married Elizabeth Woodville in 1464. - Died suddenly in 1470. Richard on Edward IV - Richard presents himself a ‘masculine’, disciplined alternative to the ‘soft’ and ‘effeminate’ governing style of his older brother, Edward IV (cf. opening soliloquy). - Edward ‘ruled by women’ (suggested to Clarence in 1.1.62); their brother more interested in lovemaking than governing? - Edward’s illness as the product of an ‘evil diet’ i.e. a dissolute life (1.1.139-142); repeated references to Mistress Shore. - Calling into question the legitimacy of Edward’s children/heirs; Edward’s violent reaction to a citizen’s doubts. Elizabeth Woodville (1437-1492) - Queen consort of Edward IV. - Mother of the ‘Princes in the Tower’ and of Elizabeth of York. - Her first husband fought on the side of the Lancastrians in the wars of the Roses (Edward IV belonged to the House of York). Richard on Elizabeth Woodville - Speaking to Clarence in 1.1, he implies that Elizabeth rules Edward, her husband: ‘this it is, when men are ruled by women’ (1.1.62); ‘I think it is our way/ if we will keep in favour with the king. / to be her men and wear her lively’ (1.1.78- 80). - Again, in 1.3, speaking publicly) to Elizabeth he says: o ‘Our brother is imprisoned by your means, myself disgraced, and the nobility / Held in contempt, while great promotions / Are daily given to ennoble those / That scarce, some two days since, were worth a noble. (1.3.78-82). - Later in the scene, he accuses her of nepotism: ‘She may help you to many fair preferments / And then deny her aiding hand therein / And lay those honours o
More Less

Related notes for EN 3535

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit