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Lecture

ENVS 1000 Mar. 20 Green Design.doc

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Department
Environmental Studies
Course Code
ENVS 1000
Professor
Peter Timmerman

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Wednesday, March 20, 2013 GREEN AND DESIGN Complexity of animals and organisms E.g. termite mount Symbolism of nature’s physical traits- pillars to prop up houses/temples and other built structures. They resemble tree trunks. Baobab House is an example of people taking advantage of nature’s “houses”. It looks like a house made of tree, resembles Hobbit house. People also build houses that mimic caves- biomimicry. There is still a mass of people who live in cave-like houses. -Hobbit house -Caves -Igloos Rice paddy field is a sophisticated system of water, maintenance and community. Cities and towns have complicated designs. There are “green” designs. E.g. the Uruk-Warka design looks like a cell- with a center, things around it and bounded by a wall type barrier. There is a core of services and functions that a cell would carry out. The boundary is very important for a human cell – for internal coherence and decides what is going to be part and not a part of the cell. Being organized towards the center because it is central. When communities lose communal “glue” is when people start having doors. There are a variety of ways that people use and view natural materials- e.g. huts made of stone, clay, straw, etc. Some of these houses are very sophisticated. The arrival of elevators meant that buildings could go higher because those floors could now be accessed. The thing that kept buildings from being very substantive was to keep the interior cool or hot, depending on the season. Design of houses/buildings- natural materials  technology enabled design Now, through extraordinary developments, there are skyscrapers everywhere. These use up incredible amounts of energy. Because all of these are a universal cookie cutter shape, they are everywhere. Green Buildings • Revulsion against modernism buildings. These buildings are created because they hold large number of people and are easy to design. They all look alike. • Building buildings to become more responsive to the local situation. Often, they take cues from older buildings. • Combine the old with new technologies- sensors, computers and new materials to improve the local construction • Different phases of green design and green buildings- there are Hobbit-like houses and others that are technologically advanced Incorporating Nature into Buildings • For biological processes? • Doing “green” things in buildings • Incorporating technology with being “green” • Go back to country style living • Retrofitting for change John & Mary Todd – Green Machine (1970s) This is the forerunner of any green walls that does cleansing in buildings and so on. It was originally designed to have biological processors that cleaned the water supply (aquatic cells). They would have contaminated water run through the system and clean it. These machines have been used all over the world to take bad water and let an ecosystem loose on it. It is to mimic what the natural world does. Todd principles: from a context that values biological richness (more of a deep ecological standpoint in desi
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