Wednesday, March 20, 2013
GREEN AND DESIGN
Complexity of animals and organisms
E.g. termite mount
Symbolism of nature’s physical traits- pillars to prop up houses/temples and
other built structures. They resemble tree trunks.
Baobab House is an example of people taking advantage of nature’s
“houses”. It looks like a house made of tree, resembles Hobbit house. People
also build houses that mimic caves- biomimicry. There is still a mass of
people who live in cave-like houses.
Rice paddy field is a sophisticated system of water, maintenance and
Cities and towns have complicated designs. There are “green” designs. E.g.
the Uruk-Warka design looks like a cell- with a center, things around it and
bounded by a wall type barrier. There is a core of services and functions that
a cell would carry out. The boundary is very important for a human cell – for
internal coherence and decides what is going to be part and not a part of the
cell. Being organized towards the center because it is central. When
communities lose communal “glue” is when people start having doors.
There are a variety of ways that people use and view natural materials- e.g.
huts made of stone, clay, straw, etc. Some of these houses are very
The arrival of elevators meant that buildings could go higher because those
floors could now be accessed. The thing that kept buildings from being very
substantive was to keep the interior cool or hot, depending on the season.
Design of houses/buildings- natural materials technology enabled design
Now, through extraordinary developments, there are skyscrapers
everywhere. These use up incredible amounts of energy. Because all of
these are a universal cookie cutter shape, they are everywhere.
• Revulsion against modernism buildings. These buildings are created
because they hold large number of people and are easy to design.
They all look alike.
• Building buildings to become more responsive to the local situation. Often, they take cues from older buildings.
• Combine the old with new technologies- sensors, computers and new
materials to improve the local construction
• Different phases of green design and green buildings- there are
Hobbit-like houses and others that are technologically advanced
Incorporating Nature into Buildings
• For biological processes?
• Doing “green” things in buildings
• Incorporating technology with being “green”
• Go back to country style living
• Retrofitting for change
John & Mary Todd – Green Machine (1970s)
This is the forerunner of any green walls that does cleansing in buildings and
so on. It was originally designed to have biological processors that cleaned
the water supply (aquatic cells). They would have contaminated water run
through the system and clean it.
These machines have been used all over the world to take bad water and let
an ecosystem loose on it. It is to mimic what the natural world does.
Todd principles: from a context that values biological richness (more of a
deep ecological standpoint in desi