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wk 10

Environmental Studies
Course Code
ENVS 2200
Stefan Kipfer

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Tut week 10
-Capitalist city= exploitation of gap in classes, by minimum wage, bad working
conditions, made to work for others profit.
-privatization (investment and owns means of production/profit) not being done by
themselves but by the workers.
-Capitalist urban space in capitalism shows spatial inequality, slums vs. picturesque
-spatial separation
-commodification of labour and space – owned by private owners not shared space like
gardens or public space. (still controlled and influenced by private ‘city of toronto’)
-does the city cause class distinction: Yes, capitalism and city influence class distinction,
the better commodities and mindset. Yes because you have diversity of different
races/classes, it does cause class distinctions due to spatial segs and personal segs.
-capitalism creates class distinction not spatial segregation.
-Chicago school – analyzing city as an object of study, and unique phenomena, why class
distinctions are as they are and looking at social and spatial distinctions.
BUT Marxist say, not just observing but going one step deeper, what created the city to
be like that? And that is capitalism.
Chicago school: reformist as suppose to revolutionary.
Marxist analysis: first there was class distinctions and system that exploit labour to create
higher class, then we had a city.
Capitalist city- like one huge factory where they make profit at the expense on poor
Immediately surrounding the nucleus of industry, the next onion ring was working class
homes (low level), next petite bourgeoisie (small business owners, family business =
(autonomy in jobs, doctors, lawyers) middle class), next upper class large plots of land,
houses far apart.
A straight road like yonge, where bourgeoisie goes direct to city center.
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