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Lecture 7

ENVS 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Industrial Suburb, Commodification


Department
Environmental Studies
Course Code
ENVS 2200
Professor
Stefan Kipfer
Lecture
7

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Lecture 7
Showed a video: Image of suburbs, suburbs is the ‘promised land in 50s and 60s
Utopian and dystopian view of life
Preview: we will talk about spatial forms
Today: Deconcentration and Suburbanization
De-concentration: 19th CE we see spatial de-concentraiton of urban activities in
urban cities
Suburbanization is the de-concentration of urban regions
Suburb- latin, something that is beneath the city (below physically or a negative
way beneath the standards of city)
City or the ghetto, an escape from city
What as once ‘suburbs’ now has become an extension of urban life
Causes of suburbanization:
1) Decentralization of Industry: jobs –major cause (people follow jobs, where
there are jobs the population increases) so corporate and public investment is
key
2) Transportation helps de-centralization (ex: people work in Mississauga),
1840s mass transportation changes many things
3) Commodification of land, change of land into real estate, real estate agency
systematically segregates according to money people have.
4) Social separation: class, gender and ethnicity;
5) Suburbian aspiration: nature, community and domesticity “tranquil family life
= seling point”
6) State intervention and planning in all of the above: subsidization
1840s to 1920s:
Influenced by semi-rural retreats in London
A non-urban look (can find it in Rosedale, has aesthetic values)
Women produce tranquility and ‘moral order’
Industrial suburbs- multi-town firms
Developed by industry, landowners and railway/streetcar companies
They are separate municipalities
Goals: to labor control, lower taxes and land costs
Industrial suburb is very important
1920s-1960s:
Fordism-(Capitalism)
Through suburbs were a recipe against soviet revolution, advertising for single
family homes, and worker will be helped if he goes into debt.
with mortgage and insurance it was possible to privatize housing
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