Week 9: The Great Divide: Silent/Sound Cinema
The Evolution of Sound
-Lumière premiere screening accompanied by piano.
-early sync sound experiments: Edison provides musical accompaniment for images:
Kinetophone (did not catch on).
-Lee De Forest develops amplification system for sound.
-most big feature films have commissioned music score.
-Tri-Ergon optical sound system, which uses a photoelectric cell to convert sound into light,
devised by Engl, Massole, &Vogt.
-De Forest exhibits his Phonofilm sync-sound system and tries unsuccessfully to interest the
-first film with synchronized music disk system, Vitaphone: Don Juan
-first film with synchronized music and dialogue: The Jazz Singer, Warner Bros. Its tremendous
success leads Warner Bros. to convert all production to “talkies.”
-first all-talking film: The Lights of New Y