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FILM 2401
Kispal- Kovacs Kovacs

November 10, 2011 FILM LECTURE NOTES LECTURE 8; LAST CLASS (…continuation of Lecture 07)  FILMS OF ERA Sahara: set standard for subsequent films Army forces were segregated (black and white forces didn’t work together) Racism in American war (embarrassing to the US after the war – fighting against a racist country- Germany (attacking Jews) yet have a separation between their OWN army force =civil rights movement The Americans were represented by different people of different nationalities such as; Joe Gunn, British doctor, Frenchie (French resistant fighter & Italian prisoner of warden. By 1943 the Italian government had been overthrown - INTERESTING: How the film tries to represent the entire allied side within a small group All nationalities coming together to fight a common problem The US & Britain were allies against Germany (Lawson was able to get certain message across that wasn’t acceptable before/ after the war THE RISE OF BROADCAST TELEVISION (1946-1959)  Very few people had TVs’-very expensive (only bought them if they were wealthy TV industry is shutdown couple months later because the war began (everything on hold) Unresolved technical problems before broadcasting system could take off 1) No unified or technical systems When they adopted network by NBC it limited the amount of signals (6-7 station per city-limited the amount of channels available= prevented the rise for profit of television (Lack of frequencies available) 2) TV was live; almost all show before 1956 were aired live example; musical, comedies, plays dramas Sporting events were COMMON for live TV, because you could view it, if you weren’t actually there Rich people would like to watch operas & other sports &comedy =CLASS DIVIDED AUDIENCE 1956- new technology = videotape (recording shows to show for later viewing & made scripts possible LIVE TV: limited type of story available (almost like theatre; go on stage) DRAWBACKS 1) would interrupt the TV and show commercial (someone would hold a product example. Cereal box. Than get off stage) 2) Fight over technical standards; After the war People come back from war demand for consumer products that they couldn’t access during the war (people expected higher standard of living) TV ownership rose rapidly 1946=60thousand // 1949= 1 Million // 1951-10million End of 1890s’ every American family has a television set(rapid diversion) In 1945-1959 -TV programs wee sponsored by a single advisor (especially 1950’s_ single company would sponsor all products TWO PROBLEMS: gave enormous power not good for TV companies that wanted to have control over timing Factors that changed this MODEL; 1)_____________-- quiz shows: (8example people would go on quiz shows for money; scandalized=tell people answers to stay on longer 2) TV networks realized they could make more $$ if they had more sponsors (10 diff ads &10 diff products) **Developments that took place in these 2 decades that influenced American Broadcasting System  THEMES IN AMERICAN TV HISTORY 1) INDUSTRY DEVELOPED BY THE PRIVATE SECTOR (Owned by powerful radio directors; different from almost every country in the world) 2) EARLY TELEVISON INDUSTR
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