Geography1000 March 26 , 2014
Making Latin America: From Colonization to Revolution
o Latin America: the term is meant to distinguish Spanish and Portuguese speaking
republics from English speaking territories
o Shared colonial history: Spain and Portugal blended with Amerindian cultures
o Followed by a strong African influence as a result of the slave trade and post
WW2 settlement from Germany, Japan, Lebanon and Italy
o One of the more radically and ethnically diverse regions of the world
o “Occupied Aztlan”
o “Those lazy Mexicans taking our jobs” … Citizens from the U.S feel this way and
this leads to racism
o Mexican War 184648
o 19% of Americans speak Spanish
o 100 years ago in Mexico (YouTube video)… 19101920 Mexican revolution.
About a poor farmer working hard and bringing in the harvest, but the landowner
takes the harvest from him, thus the farmer remains poor.
o There has been a long history of revolutionary action in Latin America
o Latin America was colonized by Spain and Portugal.
o Spanish conquers gave up most of their land to Hernan Cortes as really large
o In Mexico, old Hacienda buildings have become resort hotels.
Revolution Take 1:
o Independence was gained from Spain through the 1800s, series of wars and
revolts inspired by the French revolution
o Land distribution remained exactly the same
o 19 20 centuries, commercialization of plantations in some areas (American
Banana Companies)… The banana is still a form of central oppression in southern
o Land reform: government program to buy or confiscate land from large
landowners, and distribute to small farmers. Sometimes revolutionary
government, but sometimes to forestall revolution
o Agrarian revolution: a party comes to power often via military force, and
confiscates land to distribute to farmers.
o Emiliano Zapata (18791919)
o Che Guevarra; he started to support Guatemala reforms, he helped lead the human
revolution with Castro.
o Land reforms did not happen upon independence from Spain (Clic