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Oct 21 & 23 - Home.docx

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GEOG 2075
Bruce Erickson

October 21 & 23 - Home Philip Preville - The New Suburbanites URL Required Reading - Make sure you read all 10 pages • Reasons to abandon overcrowded, overpriced, not so livable city are beginning to outnumber reasons to stay • Hectic schedules that traded off duties and marriage suffered • The problem was the city itself • Toronto as a livable city • Began in 1971 with the proposal of a spadina expressway Urban living in ethical terms not just questionable ethics or razing neighbourhoods to build • freeways, higher morality of choosing to live with less space, no car, up high on foot, on transit, in parks • Downtown values--living with less space, no car, up high--have ossified into a rigid ideology • Propagandists believe that suburbs are an inferior moral choice • Saintly city struggles to keep evil suburbs at bay • Suburban living is not merely an inferior urban form, but an inferior moral choice • Suburbs of the spadina expressway era--etobicoke, north york and scarbrough --- are now inner and outter suburbs • Colbourg, newmarket, barrie, burlington---any place where people can settle while stil making a lthing off the big city economy • 19 century towns--new suburbs--look nothing like cookie cutter, cul de sacky, wasteland of the downtown imagination • Bigger houses and wide open yards are only two reasons people are iving for the new suburbs • toronto less and less livable School closures, daily battle to get work, rising user fees and waiting lists for daycare, hockey • rinks and community amenities • Cash strapped society in a downward spiral • For every person who moved from a neighbourhouring municipality into Toronto, 3.5 people made the opposite move • Theyve raised the white flat on the perpetual stress management and mortgage driven indebtedness of big city life • 6 figures make u rich if youre childless, but quickly drops you to middle class if youre raising children • Only stay if theyre art professionals or university profs; otherwise Toronto is losing many of ties young middle income professional tow parent families • Mortgage is less • Space is the best thing money can buy • Assume people with city jobs make more • Moving out of Toronto allowed for more creativity and less stress Torrents prices are about buying space and time (proximity) • • Via rail more relaxed than ttc and its people • When you live in the city you have to be constantly abatable • More opportunities to sign kids up • Feel less secure children out alone downtown, whereas suburbs its always yes • It takes a village to raise a choice and city parents have no right o assume that any such village exists in their midst • These parents are on their own • Food lessers in suburbs • Big city provides anonymity • In suburbs people want to just stay over and chat • As a result, all the social conventions—don’t make eye contact, don’t eavesdrop, don’t assume someone else is watching your kids—are designed to protect privacy. • In a small community and with a big yard, you’ve got all the privacy you need, so the conventions change—you must say your hellos and inquire about others and share news readily. • Lack of anonymity = community • Once you move out of the city, it becomes almost impossible to move back. Just as everyone who leaves Toronto makes a nice killing on the real estate transaction, everyone who returns gets killed. Once they’re gone, they’re gone. • With Toronto in the midst of a mini–baby boom, and with the data showing that young families are highly likely to move out, we may well be on the cusp of a new exodus the likes of which hasn’t been seen since suburbs were invented. • Toronto will need to try to find a way to keep young families inside city limits to preserve its tax base and its urban fabric. • Toronto cannot adequately provide: personal space, affordability, an emphasis on community over privacy. • The intensity and the anonymity of the city now hinder my life more than they help. Askew & McGuirk - Watering the Suburbs URL Required Reading • Domestic water supply in Australia present a particular problem due to the limited supply of water and high spatial and temporal variability in climatic conditions • Research of socio cultural variables influence water consumption is poorly developed • Thesis:seek to address this lack of understanding by analysis the socio cultural variable influencing suburban gardens and the ways in which these interact with patterns of water consumption • Strategies of social distinction and social conformity form a significant part of the cultural capital accumulation process and considerably influence patterns of a newly established prestige housing estate close to lac macquarie south of new castle • New suburbs perhaps best exhibit the meanings of the garden as a cultural product as they are created from an as yet unfashioned space which allows for individual expression in its creation and display • new suburbs offer a useful space for socio-cultural research as the social and lifestyle aspirations (i.e. cultural capital) of households are most obviously on display through newly established gardens and recently constructed homes. • Domestic water use and consumption practices enacted in suburban gardens • Managing domestic water use represents a significant challenge in achieving efficient and sustainable water supply in urban areas • Water consumption in domestic setting represents approximately 12% of total water used in australia • Value of domestic waster consumption in economic terms accounts for more than 50% of all water used • outdoor water use has increased with as much as 50% of the water supplied to households used externally in garden,swimming pool, spa and other activities like washing car and pavements • Lawns also feature significantly in consideration of outdoor water use, consuming up to 90% of all water applied to the garden • Individual perception can subsequently be understood as just one example of the many socio- cultural and subjective variables that can influence domestic water use in potentially unpredictable ways. • attitudes towards water use are affiliated with subjective norms—individuals’ perception of what other people want them to do in relation to water use and its conservation. • Physical and socio-cultural context • Bourdieu’s notion of cultural capital can be broadly defined in relation to three fundamental concepts: • habitus: the social system in which individuals are both actors within the system, and creative subjects producing the system; • capital: a relation of power within social systems; and • fields (e.g. politics, religion, education, consumption): the arenas in which an individual’s placement within the social hierarchy is negotiated as a result of the interplay between that person’s habitus and capital (Bourdieu 1984). • Consumption is vital in understanding complex associations between identity and class, as practices of consumption not only means for building identity but also for expressing social identity and indeed the possession of cultural capital • Want to fulfil both needs and desires in unison • Suburban dwellers are informed by notions of both conformity and distinction while simultaneously acting to shape their habitus and pursue its dominant lifestyle aspirations • Water is examined as one of many consumption practices that are interconnected with these lifestyle aspirations and are used as both a tool and symbol of accumulated cultural capital • Cultural capital can be understood as both the objectified forms that directly influence water use and the embodied forms that shape the use of such products • Commonly ascribed attributes that are valued in suburbs in general include domestic privacy, natural surroundings, a healthy environment, private ownership and social exclusiveness • Cultural importance attributed to such meanings depend on sociocultural relations in suburban space • the value attributed to suburban space is created and defined through complex associations between social meanings and practices. • The garden is most commonly perceived as an expression of the relationship between humans and nature. • This idea of the garden has evolved with Australian suburban gardens, reflecting remnant notions of English rural life (e.g. lawn) and perceptions of nationhood and adaptation (e.g. inclusion of native plants). • The lawn can account for as much as 90% of the water consumed outside the home • Whilst the front yard has altered little in its public display role, the backyard has increasingly developed as an extension o
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