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Lecture 1

GWST 1502 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Virginia Woolf, Betty Friedan, Jesse Owens


Department
Gender and Women's Studies
Course Code
GWST 1502
Professor
hannah ligon
Lecture
1

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GWST 1502
FEMINISM 2ND WAVE
Page 1
QUESTIONING “TRUTH” AND “KNOWLEDGE”: THEY ARE NOT NEUTRAL
WHAT KNOWLEDGE TO “UNCOVER”? KNOWLEDGE SOUGHT BY DOMINANT GROUP IS
OFTEN A TOOL OF POLITICAL POWER
EX: IN 1800S SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSES: ON RACIAL DIFFERENCE HELPED
SUPPORT COLONIALISM; ON DEVIANCE HELPED MANAGED URBAN POPULATIONS
WHO’S “TRUTH”? TRUTH IS PERSPECTIVAL - TRUTHS ARE FRAMED BY THE
OBSERVERS CONCEPTUAL WORLD
EX. EUROCENTRIC VIEW OF WORLD SUCH AS HUMAN EVOLUTION, WORLD
HISTORY,”DEVELOPED/UNDEVELOPED”, “CIVILIZED/PRIMITIVE”
EX. MALE GENDER BIAS IN UNDERSTANDING EVERYTHING FROM ANCIENT
ARTIFACTS; TO THINKING ABOUT WHAT IT MEANS TO “BE HUMAN”; WHAT A “GOOD
SOCIETY” IS;
“THE PROBLEM WITH NO NAME”; QUESTIONING WHAT’S “NORMAL”
THE POWER OF DOMINANT NORMS: MAKES IT HARD TO EVEN ARTICULATE WHATS
WRONG
-FEELINGS OF ALIENATION AND ISOLATION; MAKES IT SEEM THAT IT IS A
PERSONAL/PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEM RATHER THAN CULTURAL/SOCIAL PROBLEM
WITH ROOTS IN HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS
THE PROBLEM WITH NO NAME:
-FROM MIDDLE TO UPPER CLASS WHITE WOMEN PERSPECTIVE:
CULTURAL NORMS OF GENDER BEHAVIOUR: TRAITS ASSOCIATED WITH
FEMININITY AND MASCULINITY
-FROM BLACK FEMINIST AND SOCIALIST FEMINIST PERSCPETIVE:
DOMINANT NORMS OF WHITE, MIDDLE CLASS
HISTORY OF FEMINISM “FIRST WAVE” (LATE 1800S - EARLY 1900S)
- FIST WAVE SUFFRAGETTES (DEMANDING RIGHT TO VOTE); REFORM APPROACH TO
LAW
— WERE EARLIER FEMINISTS (EX. VIRGINIA WOOLF, MARY WOLLENSTONECRAFT);
FEMINISTS IN MANY COUNTRIES IN WORLD WANTING TO GAIN ACCESS TO HIGHER

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GWST 1502
FEMINISM 2ND WAVE
Page 2
EDUCATION, RIGHT TO DIVORCE, RIGHTS TO BE LEGAL GUARDIANS OF CHILDREN,
RIGHT TO GO INTO BUSINESS, TRAVEL WITHOUT CONSENT OF HUSBAND
-GAINS MADE: US; (1920 RIGHT TO VOTE) CANADA; WIDOWS IN ONTARIO 1884,
1919 COULD BE CANDIDATES IN FEDRAL ELECTION, EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES
-WW1 AND 2 WOMEN JOIN WAR EFFORT, FACTORY AND OFFICE WORK
-AFTER WW2 (1945) MEN WANT JOBS BACK, RENEWED DOMESTICITY FOR WOMEN,
REGRESSION IN EDUCATION LEVELS FOR WOMEN, PRESSURE TO BE FEMININE:
WHITE, THIN, BLONDE; BUY PRODUCTS FOR YOUR HOME
1950S: BABY BOOM; TV; THE AMERICAN DREAM; WHITE SUBURBS/INNER CITY
BLACK GHETTOES; SEGREGATION ONGOING; COLD WAR; VIETNAM
TV SHOWS AND ADS GEARED TO MIDDLE CLASS WHITE WOMEN
US: 1960’S A TIME OF POLITICAL ACTIVISM
PEACE MOVEMENT: DRAFT RESISTERS, WAR CRIMES: USE OF NAPALM
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT: NOTE EARLY RESISTANCE AGAINST SEGREGATION:
VIOLA DESMOND 1946: REFUSED TO SIT IN BLACK SEATING AREA, ROSA PARKS
1955 REFUSED T GIVE UP BUS SEAT, 1958 FIRST LUNCH COUNTER SIT IN
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT 1964:DISCRIMINATION ON BASIS OF SEX, RELIGION OR
NATIONAL ORGIN ILLEGAL 1965: NATIONAL VOTING RIGHTS ACT: BANNS
VOTED QUALIFICATIONS TEST
AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT: FOCUS ON TREATY RIGHTS, PRESERVING CULTURAL
DETERMINATION
WOMENS MOVEMENT: NOT HOMOGENOUS, NOT LINER, NOTE CROSSOVER
PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN, SYNERGY IN BETWEEN SOCIAL JUSTICE MOVEMENT
NOTRE CANADA: 1969 GREATER ACESS TO ABORTION, RELAXATION OF
DIVORCE LAWS
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