17 September 2013
AP HIST 1010
Lecture 2a: European Colonialism
Main pt. = global expansion of Euro. pwrs set the stage for & significantly shaped the nature of many conflicts of C20th.
Steps to Colonialism: AGeneralization
• Missionaries and merchants (coast)
• They move inland, get into trouble
• Navy and army Sent
• Signing of bogus Treaties (ppl don’t realize the content)
• Formal annexation(: to incorporate territory into the domain of the city)
WHY? = “God, Gold and Glory!”
*Colonialism purpose: to expand to places that isn’t adjacent
*Indo-China = Modern Day Vietnam
Navy use all the money
Colonial lands were all empty
Industrial Revolution: first
Tiny Island; need raw materials/resources
C19th;Asmall, British “East India Company” was the first to come to India and claim it.
>India had a massive revolt of the company.
>Products: silk, tea, spices, TEXTILES and OPIUM
>“Justice over morals…”
Demanded the Chinese to sell opium or else they declared war: UK vs. China (1840)
÷China paid 21 000 000 silver dollars
÷By 1900’s, Germany wanted it
1861: piece of Nigeria
Many historians believed UK ended up with high empire, by accident.
Conquest ofAlgeria (Fr. InAlg = More Glory than God/Glory)
June 1830; 635 ships, 34 184 soldiers & 3 389 non-combatants arrive inAlg.
Fought an army of 43 000Alg’rns
On July 5, French raise flag over Algiers
Euro start to settle inAlg
1841 – 37 000 Euro
1871 – 279 700 Euro
÷massive stress, conflict w/i settlers
French rule in Alg:
In Fr, Alg as treated