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HIST 1080 (61)

NOV 8- What is a Child Worth? .docx

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York University
HIST 1080
Molly Ladd- Taylor

NOV 8: What is a Child Worth? Joy Parr, Labouring Children, intro & chap. 4 Viviana Zelizer, "The Price and Value of Children” Lecture: • transition of the economically useful child to the economically useless but emotionally priceless child - zelizer • insurance as a way to protect children • if you have child insurance, when they're older, they can continue policy onto adult insurance • rewards for the death of a child is higher than the court orders for the death of an adult bc ideas of child • we put a monetary value on a child, the childs worth, the childhood • save the child because the child is worth saving (child-saving) • NY Child Aid Society (US orphan trade) • Barnardo british homes (children sent to canada) • did kids benefit or just trying to reform based on religion and good homes? • save the kid by taking them away (nurture) • few reformers during this period • the ones with the lightest skin is worth saving saving kids from neglected working class homes • • children as delinquent bc of their families • immoral families bc their parents arent consistently around because poor and many jobs save children by taking them away from neglectful family • • children represented hope • stages of child saving: • Pre-1800: no special arrangements for children Family to poorhouses Orphaned children ⟶ apprenticed out • Age of Institutions, 19 century - orphanages separate children from corrupting adults - teach order & discipline - Take them away • Child Rescue & Removal, 1860s  - state (police & courts) intervene in family life to protect children from neglect (but what is neglect?) • Welfare State, 1900s - services for children in their own homes & communities • british common law • welfare is provincial responsibility • sometimes kids were apprenticed out • auctioned off for the lowest amount to the county and only if orphaned • orphanages exploded in 19th century • children should be treated as individuals • want to protect children and want to stop putting kids in orphanage for a part time daycare required parents to sever custody rights if want to put in orphanages • • orphanages thought it was better for kids to have no contact bc the parents screwed them up in the first place • Charles Loring Brace - NY child aid society 1843 • taking children outta orphanages and putting them into farm families (white in the west/apprentices) idealized west • • sometimes taking from orphanages and sometimes taken from streets • sometimes technical orphans and some not • some kids wanted to go and some didn't • main critics were catholics—-that the kids were being adopted into protestan homes • london sends londers
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