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Oct. 4- Gender and the Middle-Class Child .docx

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HIST 1080
Molly Ladd- Taylor

Oct. 4: Gender and the Middle-Class Child Tutorial: Miriam Forman-Brunell, “The Politics of Dollhood in Nineteenth-Century America” Anthony Rotundo, “Boy Culture” Lecture: - quotations will be evidence, not making your point - Footnotes can tell primary and secondary - Footnote #4 in rutondo (1970) - secondary source - Footnote #1 in rutondo (miss maners) - primary source - Evangelical - child is born with natural sin - Tabula rasa - blank slate - Rousseau: babies are born perfect in nature and then corrupted by society - Cultural hegemony : cultural norms of the elite, become world view of everything - Norm is culturally constructed - Idea that children need to be protected from outside world - Childhood as a social construction - Rise of industrial capital reshaped north american ideals about girl and boyhood and the experience of growing up - Peoples start seeing home as refuge from economy - Cultural separation of home and work - New ideas of womens and mens nature and new ideology of childhood among middle class then proceed to spread across entire society - Emergence of protectingthhildren from work,sex,violence - Drop in birth rate in 19 century - To go along with children need to be protected and cared for (more attention give if less children) - Most ppl worked, played and slept at home - Boys will work in field, run errands - Women will garden or spin cloth - Sometimes apprentice out to family - Upbringings shaped by gender - Mid 19 century among urban middle class, boys and girls are removed from productive work of the home, went to school instead and became apart of literary societies (Sunday school, ymca) - Child no longer economically useful - Children are investment of future, u invest in education of children to get them jobs and get status and income. Women become educated women, marry up and gain a higher class - Economic production moves from the home, whats produced in the home is children - Children become product of production in the home - Removal of goods from the home, rise of middle class society - Led to idea that mothers should spend more time with their children - Shift from ideal of economically useful children to economically useless children but emotionally priceless child - Dominant class/ hegemony - Christianize girls through getting the young girls. Then through moth
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