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Jan. 10 - Nature and Nurture- Children’s Bodies and Minds .pdf

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York University
HIST 1080
Molly Ladd- Taylor

▯ Jan. 10: Nature and Nurture: Children’s Bodies and Minds Tutorial: KatherineArnup, “Waging War on Infant Mortality” Mona Gleason, “Race, Class and Health” ▯ Lecture: - rising expectations for health = major change - children dying = unnatural and preventable - growing importance of experts and the state - how has social policy shaped childhood norms - childhood as a social construction - norm is childhood should be a period of innocence and protection from adulthood - children are entitled to an education, healthcare, freedom to play - contributing to family income to economically useless, emotionally priceless child - child rearing advice isn't new - immigration anxieties about race - its unnatural for a baby to be sick - raise the baby by the clock - need to go by schedule - measuring children - proper height, weight - what is the normal child - you fit into the 90% of all children - john watson - baby albert - pavolv ▯ Tutorial: - ARNUP: - course themes: continuity and change, childhood as a social construction, social control vs agency, canonically useless but emotionally priceless —- innocence, child saving - who:babies and infant mortality. educating mothers. working class and middle class - what: advice from mother, mother blaming, infant mortality is a problem, article addresses the discussion around this problem and the solutions in that - where: toronto, europe, north america - when:20th century (1890-1960) - GLEASON: - course themes: continuity and change, child saving, value of children, race/class - who: school children (white, aboriginal, Chinese) , lower class, working class - what: cleanliness, hygiene - where:BC - when: 1890-1930 - cultural hegemony: class pressure from upper to lower - arnup - white middle class ideal - if you arent white you cant live up to it - ARNUP - 1) how did political/scientific/ political ideologies affect a change
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