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Minoan and Mycenaean Greece.docx

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HIST 2100
Jeremy Trevett

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Minoan and Mycenaean Greece - Greece has been inhabited since the stone age o Knowledge of greek history relied entirely on written works o Myths legends o Hard to tell what was factual and what was myth o Up till 1850 understanding of early Greece was fairly vague o Oral traditions of events will become distorted over time (broken telephone)  May indeed contain truth but how much is true and which are based on truth is almost impossible to say - Bronze = alloy of copper and tine. Used as main metal in second millennium BC 1000 bch - Legends of king minos at Knossos on Crete; Trojan war (i.e. against Troy in NW turkey (Anatolia)) o Beneath palace there was a labyrinth  Whether any truth is something that’s impossible to say  Stories in odyssey - Greeks of the later period believed in these “stories” o Merely belief no concrete evidence to back them up - Sir Arthur evans (1851-1941) british excavator of Knossos on crete. - minoan - Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) german excavatr of Mycenae in mainland Greece. – Mycenaean. o Two different yet connected civilizations Minoans - Crete - Minoan civilization in bronze age crete, flourished circa 2000-1600 BC - Named by Arthur after minos, the legendary king of knossus - As far as we know contained near the coast - Palaces at knossus also malia, phaistos, zakro o Palaces damaged but rebuilt c. 1600 (seismic activity) - Palaces appear to have controlled large areas. o Size o The way they controlled the land under its authority o Extensive food storage center  Not just political center  Centers for the collection storage and distribution of food  Very centralized economy - Palaces as centres for storage and distribution. - No fortifications - Minoan peace? Few signs of war but fortified palaces at gournia and elsewhere - Possible indications of human sacrifice. - Pax minoaca o People who lived at peace o No fortifications - Mi
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