Demography of Canada 1901-1941 These notes discuss the demographical development of Canada. IMPORTANT!
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Demography of Canada, 1901 to 1941
Population Change 1871-1941
•Mainly consists of English speaking (from the British Isles)
•Population grows at a slow rate
oThis is due to the migration of peoples to the U.S. (due to its appealing
Population 1901-1931 (population doubles; at a rate of 2% per year)
•Winnipeg is a communication and transshipment point between the east and
Explanation of Table
•NI= Natural Increase. Increase in Population from natural means
•Imm= Immigration into Canada. Number of People entering Canada as new
•Emi= Emigration from Canada. Number of people leaving Canada
•NM= Net Migration. Difference between number of people entering and
leaving Canada during this period.
•Pop= Total Population
•Mi’kmaw women: Halifax 1905
oMigration ceases in the early 1900s leading to the migration (moving
of people; looking for work/ a living)
The Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
What is the Crude Birth Rate?
Number of Births X 1,000
Child/Women Ratios in 1901
Factors Affecting Fertility
Occupations as a Factor
What is the state of the population in 1901?
•Population grows mostly by natural increase
•Population is still rural
•Fertility is declining but is greatest among urban dwellers and educated
•West is different: higher percentage of farmers on Prairies and wage-earners
in B.C.; masculinity rate high in B.C.
•Quebec is unique
•Aboriginal communities evolve differently