Demography of Canada 1901-1941 These notes discuss the demographical development of Canada. IMPORTANT!

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
York University
HIST 2500
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Demography of Canada, 1901 to 1941
Population Change 1871-1941
Mainly consists of English speaking (from the British Isles)
Population 1871-1901
Population grows at a slow rate
oThis is due to the migration of peoples to the U.S. (due to its appealing
weather/seasonal conditions
Population 1901-1931 (population doubles; at a rate of 2% per year)
Winnipeg is a communication and transshipment point between the east and
west (important)
Explanation of Table
NI= Natural Increase. Increase in Population from natural means
Imm= Immigration into Canada. Number of People entering Canada as new
Emi= Emigration from Canada. Number of people leaving Canada
NM= Net Migration. Difference between number of people entering and
leaving Canada during this period.
Pop= Total Population
Mi’kmaw women: Halifax 1905
oMigration ceases in the early 1900s leading to the migration (moving
of people; looking for work/ a living)
The Mikmaq of Nova Scotia
Rural/on reserve
Mother tongue
What is the Crude Birth Rate?
Number of Births X 1,000
Total Population
Child/Women Ratios in 1901
Factors Affecting Fertility
Occupations as a Factor
What is the state of the population in 1901?
Population grows mostly by natural increase
Population is still rural
Fertility is declining but is greatest among urban dwellers and educated
West is different: higher percentage of farmers on Prairies and wage-earners
in B.C.; masculinity rate high in B.C.
Quebec is unique
Aboriginal communities evolve differently