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Lecture

WINTER NOTES All of the notes from this year.

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Department
History
Course
HIST 2500
Professor
William Wicken
Semester
Winter

Description
Introduction to 18671945 Period What happens when Canada takes over North AmericaIn 1869 Canada takes over Ruperts land Manitoba Northern Ontario and Saskatchewan and AlbertaoThe Metis set up a blockade to prevent people from entering Ruperts Land this is a crisis The Canadian government doesnt respond until 7 days later oThe Purpose of Canadas expansion to the west is to prevent the Americans from obtaining it purchasingConquering it oThe period from 1867 to the 1900s is when Canada is actually created socially economically and politically particularly during WWIBefore 1867An aboriginal continentA French colonyA British colony Limited populationLimited transportation networksLimited commonalities politically and sociallyimmigrationLimited political unionis fractured between French Canadians the Maritimes Quebec and OntarioLimited communication18671945Industrialization urbanization commercialization and nationbuilding oIs the most important process is the application of new sources of power to make commodities in new places factories and using new forms of labour working class and capital and distributing those commodities using new transportation networks oHydroelectricity the factory systemWar and the postwar consequencesoCanada goes to war as apart of the British empire throughout WWIEconomic Depressiono18731896 and 19301939oGovernments did not intervene to support the marketConstitutional change Westminister Statute 1931 1949 witnesses end of JCPC oIts during this time period Canada become dependent from the British Empireo1914Canada declares war on Germany when Britain does o1931Canada becomes supreme IndustrializationGoods produced and exchanged in new waysoThe evolution of the factory and where they are located urban areaso18671920s Canada progressively becomes an urban nation Urbantowns greater than 1000 peopleFactories evolve into assembly line production mass productionoLeads to mass production the ability to produce replicated products on a consistent basis cars and interchangeable partsimportant technological innovationth Things are not produced on such a large scale before the 19century New forms of labour working class and the professional middle classoLeads to unionization which results in the reformation of civil and political policiesoThe professional middle class is essential towards development doctorscuring diseases and engineers creating sewerssustaindevelop the industrial economy New sources of power steam power the carburetor and hydroelectricityNew Sources of Transportation the RailwayRailroad from the 1830s in Great BritainoDistributes goods and people from one place to another Canada1840sCanada from the 1840s 1849 Guarantee ActBecomes means to create CanadaoMakes it possible to go from the Atlantic to the PacificTranscontinental railroad completed 1885oIs important towards using Imported labour China and EuropeThe SteamshipMaximum length of wooden ship had been 300 feetoHow many and how fast people can be transportationMake global transportation possible promotes trade and immigration Use of steel to build hulls turbine enginesFrom 1880s more than 900 feet Titanic which sinks off coast of Nfld in 1912 exemplifies the new modern age of transportationMass immigrationDecreases passage across AtlanticoShips make it possible is cheaperlarger shipsIntroduces age of mass transportationMass immigration into western Canada and the USThe Carburetor engineThe automobileoAllowed people to migrate to new places the westRoads investments were made in highways
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