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Lecture

Apr.3_Pierre Trudeau.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 2500
Professor
William Wicken
Semester
Winter

Description
April 3 , 2014 HIST 2500 – Lecture Pierre Trudeau  Background: - British North American Act – sets out structure of government but does not say anything  about the rights of citizens within Canada - Between 1867­1982, it’s not as if people didn’t have rights, but rights were not  necessarily always protected  - Constitution provides stability and firmness to individual rights - Difficult for government to override those rights - Common Law: judge­made law passed down through generations, passed down by  British government to Canadian government, subject to interpretation, could be  overwritten by parliament (supreme maker of law between 1867­1982) - 1920s onwards: Canadian attempt to gain control over Constitution; did not want to keep  turning to Britain for permission and/or interpretation of law o Several failed attempts  o Not successful until 1982 when Pierre Trudeau is Prime Minister The Federal Political Scene   - The ascension  - Trudeau represented a younger generation - Well­known intellectual - 1965: A call for a liberal and just society - White Paper 1969 o Aid towards Aboriginal people  o Believed that no one individual should exercise more rights than another  individual within the same society o See’s their status, creation of reserves as a way that has worked against  Aboriginals o Tries to do away with the special status that Aboriginal people had - Quebec o Believed that Quebec should not receive any powers indifferent from the rest of  the nation   - Bilingualism and biculturalism o Canada is really a country of two founding nations (French/British); intrinsic  factor of our society o Greeted in both English and French The problem of Quebec within Canada - The BNA Act - Building a transcontinental ‘nation’ - Conscription Crises - The French language within Quebec o Fear of assimilation within Anglophone Quebec o Demography – for the French­Canadian majority, this occurs at the same time as  their fertility rate is going down – below 2.1 – they need immigrants to maintain  their economy  What language should immigrants be educated in? • Most often, they wanted to be educated in English   Quebec wanted control of who they let in the province • Preferred French­speaking immigrants  - Francophones (French speaking), Anglophones (English speaking), and allophones (those  who do not identity with either French or English) - The Part Quebecois  o Appears to be headed for defeat o Raise the ugly head of the refer
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