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September 25, 2013 – Lecture #3.docx

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HIST 2710
Bernard Luk

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September 25, 2013 – Lecture #3 Important Points on the Map of East Asia → Yellow River – Yellow dust sticks together, creating yellow silt (deposited by winter monsoons), then washed out to the sea → Yellow Sea, named because it is yellow in colour water flows out from the Yellow River(between China and Japan) → Yalu River - Separates Korea from the continent → Hokkaido – North Sea Territory → Shikoku – 4 Countries, island ruled by four different countries during medieval times → Kyushu – 9 provinces, the island was originally four provinces during medieval times → Yangzi River – longest river in China → West River – has two companies, the North and West River, they meet in Canton → Red River – flows through Northern Vietnam through soil that is red in colour → Himalaya Mountains – elevation in Asia: higher in the west because of the mountains Fortune Telling/ Oracle Bones: take a bone, heat up a piece of metal (bronze) apply the hot bronze to the bone and then it would crack, the fortunate teller would be able to read the cracks ▫ Turtle Shells ▫ Cow’s shoulder blades - Hundreds of bones had just been recently found 100 years ago, lead to the study of the oldest language in China, since the Shang Dynasty Language / Written Language - 100 years ago, the Chinese system was used all throughout Asia in Korea, Japan and Vietnam. - But through colonialism, new language systems took place. - Chinese conquests in Huang dynasty, the Chinese language system was put in place - Most exported form was the Chinese writing system, as the way to write until the early th 20 century - Some ancient characters still exist today, but may have different meanings and a little bit alerted The Chinese Writing System - Writing: convention of visual signs ▫ example: $, something that is easily recognized and has meaning, agreed on by everyone ▫ Visual AND conventional understanding - visual approximation of speech, visual representation of spoken language - Writing systems of the world ▫ Phonetic → alphabetic  English:  26 letters of the alphabet  complex rules  ghoti/ enough/ ghost → syllabic
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