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October 9, 2013 – Lecture #5.docx

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HIST 2710
Bernard Luk

October 9, 2013 – Lecture #5 Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, Yin-Yang Qin-Han Empire & Han Confucianism During the Spring and Autumn Annals and Warring States Periods – “What to do in the disorder and miseries of our time?” - there were many diverse answers → Confucius: social, ethical solutions → Daoism: “relativistic” attitudes → Ying-Yang: “cosmic” approaches → Legalism: competitive solutions Confucius (Kong Qiu, Kong fuzi) - expected his students to pay him with two strips of bacon and their respect, no economic gains - he was a bum, constantly looking for job - he assigned readings for his followers - THE FIVE CLASSICS → poetry → documents (historical documents, ancient Chinese history) → changes → rites (rituals of the Zhou dynasty) → music (now lost) → spring and autumn annals (dates and events, with no details) - jing – a weaving term, WARP - long lasting, constant throughout - his students recorded their conversations - main ideas: ren = benevolence ”child respect” → love between parents and child: basis for all virtue and social/ political order; stress on social relations, politics, moralism) ▫ bao – reciprocity Mencius (Mengzi) – 370-300 BCE - Main ideas: lun / “family relations” - The Five Human Relations – wu lun → father / son → ruler / subject → elder brother / younger brother family centred moralism, unequal → husband / wife relationships and reciprocity → friend/ friend - Tianming - “Mandate of Heaven” → to be given to a virtuous man and descendents as long as they are g
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