Class Notes (837,539)
Canada (510,303)
York University (35,409)
History (957)
HIST 3131 (18)
Ben Kelly (18)
Lecture 4

3131 Lecture 4.docx

3 Pages
88 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIST 3131
Professor
Ben Kelly
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 4 October-01-12 6:16 PM The Second Punic War  Hannibal raided through modern day Spain, France and into Italy  Did Hannibal lose the war due to a series of miscalculations?  What does the Roman victory tell us about the secret to Roman Success?  Hannibal sets out in 21 BCE through Spain, North through France  Crossed the alps south of Gaul into Italy  Lost many elephants and men in the process 4 Main Phases 1. Great Battles 218-216 BCE a. Battle of Trebia 218 BCE  An "inconclusive draw" but Romans lost  Bad luck, December in Northern Italy, bad weather played in Roman loss  Hannibal stationed surprise attack on Romans b. Battle of Lake Trasimene June 217 BCE  Spring Hannibal march south into Etruria  Passed Roman army, but the army followed them  Hannibal's army ambushed them from above in the early morning  Massacre, not a battle c. Battle of Cannae 216 BCE  Last of the great battles  Roman forces made contact with Hannibal in Southeast Italy  Defeated Romans, encircled them  Massacre fell upon the Romans 2. The War of Attrition 216-203 BCE o Romans avoid set-piece battles, and stick to higher ground o Hannibal tries to isolate the Romans from allies in Italy o Success in convincing a few allied communities to change allegiances o By 203 BCE Hannibal's position was untenable, withdraws to North Africa o Often taking over of allied citied occurred by stealth overnight o Carthaginian authority instructed to fall back to North Africa 3. War in Sicily and Spain o Spain - initial Roman victories 218-215 BCE under Scipio as leader o Spain - Scipio Africanus made Roman commander after father and uncle, inflicted series of victories on Carthage ca. 209-206 BCE o Sicily - Syracuse defeated to the Carthaginians was retaken by siege in 211 BCE 4. War in North Africa o Scipio 205 - Invades North Africa o Besieges Utica o Brief peace negotiated 203-202 BCE o Scipio defeats Hannibal at the Battle of Sama Hannibal Barca  Did Hannibal miscalculate?  Mistake crossing the alps  Limited naval power  He should have launched a naval attack  Lost 16% of army, 25% cavalry before me
More Less

Related notes for HIST 3131

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit