Hist 3134: egypt from alexander to cleopatra vii. Alexander the great: became king of macedonia in 336 bc, took over his father"s plans to attack the persian empire, battle of issos, 333 bc. Left a macedonian governor ( satrap") in command (cleomenes): further conquests as far as india, died in babylon in 323 bc. The consequences of alexander"s death: the main players: alexander had not laid clear plans for the succession. The consequences of alexander"s death: the division of the empire: both alexander"s son and his half-brother became joint kings (known respectively as. Alexander iv and philip iii arrhidaeus): perdiccas became their manager" (epimeletes), avoiding the title of regent), ptolemy seized egypt, antipater held macedonia, various other generals contended for asia, including seleucus and antigonas one-eye". Eventually, after much warfare, treachery, and murder, three main hellenistic" kingdoms emerged, each ruled by a dynasty: syria.