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Lecture 11

HIST 3180 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Shapur I, Sasanian Empire, JoustingPremium

6 pages73 viewsFall 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 3180
Professor
Thabit Abdullah
Lecture
11

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Week 11 27 Nov 2017
Essay
Introduction what we going to talk about and we are not going to talk about (explain what going to
do and not going to do)
¼ to a 1/3 of the page intro
¾ of a page should be background who the sasanid are, briefly, set the stage (what I will look at ,
and explain sources and make it abit more complex).
Introduction and conclusion are important.
Mid -Term
Thursday Dec 14
2-4pm
DB 0007
The Sasanid Military
Zoroastrian priest would accompany the army, except when Mani accompanied Shapour I
- Organization
- 1, Famous battle
Misiche (244) Gordian, roman emperor was killed
Barbalissos (253) Philip Arab signed the peace treaty and got humiliated
Edessa (260)- emperor Valerian got captured.
These 3 battles cost the roman around 150k troop (not accurate though).
The Savaran would break the Roman line and split them.
Prove effective against the Romans, however not effective against Arabs.
2. Maranga (363)
Shapour II, the roman invade cesptone, the sasanid would retreat and burn all crops and
land, the more Romans get more deep, the worse Romans got. During these battle, Sasanid
used Elephants in the war.
-Cavalry (Savaran or Armor Cavalry)
-Infantry
-Siege tactics
-Elephants
-Women warriors
Savaran were elite forces.
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Sasanid took the calvary from central asia and heavily armored them .
There were times where the sasanid would only use Sasanid Savaran Armour.
531 , 15,000 Calvary defeated the Byzantium.
Normally 1/3 were calvary, the rest were infantary.
Calvary were completely composed of aristocrat.
The lowest Calvary were the Azads
The Azads formed the backbone of the Savaran.
It was a socially hierarchy structure for the Savaran, if you were not aristocrat you could not join.
Farr Devine intervention.
When some one is insulted, a jos match would be formed,
jousting matched would be used for fun.
Jousting was done to settle score among aristocrats.
Savaran were distinguee by their heavy Armour.
Allies of the Persian like the Arabs, Armenian and Uzbeks would help the Persian
The allied would use light cavalry, while the Persian would use heavy armour.
The arabs were recruited if there was a possibility of a desert battle. The Arabs were seen as better
desert fighters.
The Daylamites, near the Caspian sea, were bulky people , were good at close combat, when close
combat were taught was going to happen Dylamites would be used.
The soldiers were used recruited in 3 different ways
1. Were payed, like the Arabs (mercenaries)
2. Were part of the empire and as part of it they had to serve (Daylamites)
3. Were forced, rounded up and given a sphere told to fight.
At the beginning the sasanid used light armour, used leather armour
However later they created heavy armour.
The armour men would carry sword, but their most important thing was the lance.
The Sasanid created a saddle, called the Horn Saddle. There are clamps holding the person and is
locked. He can’t leave it, until another person unhooks him.
Sasanid created a new horse. They developed a special breed (took the Ferghana horse and develop
it even bigger), they developed them to be very big, but they lack the stamina.
Savaran wore distinctive emblem and show it off. (they were the elite of the army and elite of the
society).
Each group of savarin had a different emblem.
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