Week 19 26 Feb. 2018 Relations with the Arabs early principalities Earliest Arabs, were 1000 years before Sassanid. First reference to Arabs were the Assyrian, 700800 BC. They had a complicated relationship with their more sophisticated northern neighbours. Most of the Arab peninsula were covered in deserts. The deserts go all the way to the Syrian land. There was a tense relationship. There was trade. The Arabs after several centuries, began to perfect the animal, and they had to keep moving. When they keep moving they had to be nomad lifes This leads to 2 things 1. community had to be small (around 200 people) 2. sense of kingship solidarity (you belong to a single tribe; hence it was very strong to belong to a tribe, the only reason they survived, was due to the strong attachment to tribes, sense of honour) they were considered by their neighbour as mercenaries for being a strong warrior. With more time, there were more interaction, with more trade, lead to wealth, which created early Arab principalities. Places where principalities occurred were in the north, Palmyra, hatra, Petra and in Yemen. nd During 2 CENTURY BCE, there were towns established by the Nabateans (mixture of people but most likely Arabs) HATRA managed to avoid being captured, until Shapur I who captured the city. The Princess of hatra was called alNadira. During the reign of Shapur II, he receives an embassy from Yemen, to help them against Ethiopian and Byzantium attack. Al Hira It was the most Arab city, it was founded during the reign of Ardeshir. There was an Arab tribe called Banu Tannukh, where a tribe that reached the Sassanid border. There was an agreement with Ardeshir, that they would be there, and be allies to the Sassanid Empire. Banu Lakhm was the head of the tribe. Once AlHira was established, the head of the tribe negotiate with Ardeshir that if Sassanid provided for them, they would become their Allies.