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York University (33,568)
HRM 2600 (57)
Ron Ophir (13)

ADMS 2600 - OH&S.docx

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York University
Human Resources Management
HRM 2600
Ron Ophir

Occupational Health and Safety (refer to text) What is OH&H? - Importance of OH&S in Canada: - 900 workplace-related deaths (4 Canadian workers die each day) - Over 1 million work-related injuries each year - 340 000 serious injuries causing at least one day of absenteeism - Annually, $12 billion is paid to those injured and their families Occupational Injury - Any cut, fracture, sprain or amputation resulting from a workplace accident or from exposure involving an accident in the work environment. Occupational Illness - Any abnormal condition or disorder, other than one resulting from an occupational injury, caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employment. Importance of Health and Safety - Economic considerations – direct and indirect costs - Legal considerations – legal right to safe working conditions and due diligence (an employer has to do everything that they can to make sure that everyone is working in a safe environment) - Moral considerations – right thing to do for everyone is to provide a safe environment OH&S Legislation - Federal – all of Canada - Provincial and Territorial – Ontario (OH&S Act), BC – regulations under worker’s compensation act, enforcement agencies - Protection for workers, rights for workers to refuse work, duties and responsibilities assigned to workers Whose responsibility is OHS? Workers - comply with all applicable acts and legislation - Report hazardous conditions and defective equipment - Follow all employer H&S rules, including the use of protective equipment Supervisors - Advise employees of potential workplace hazards - Ensure that workers use or wear safety equipment, devices, and clothing - Provide written instruction where applicable - Take every reasonable precaution to guarantee the safety of workers Employers - Provide a hazard free workplace. - Comply with statutes and regulations. - Inform employees about OH&S regulations. - Keep records and summaries. - Ensure supervisors and employees are familiar with hazards. - Report any accidents that cause injury and death. Joint Health and Safety Committees - Provide a forum where management and labour can work together - One manager and one worker certified in safety - Involved in inspections, work refusals - Investigate accidents - Respond to worker concerns What happens when there is non-compliance? It depends on: - Seriousness of the violation - Province and jurisdiction’s penalty - Bill C-45 – corporate killing law – criminal charges on people in the workplace that is related to a coworkers’ death Worker’s Compensation - Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) - An injured worker can receive: - cash pay-outs or wage loss payments, unlimited medical aid and vocational rehabilitation (psychological rehab) Elements in Safe Work Environment 1) Safety motivation and knowledge - involve employees in designing safety standards and programs - safety incentives and rewards - include employees in investigations 2) Accident investigation and Records - every inciden
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