Occupational Health and Safety (refer to text)
What is OH&H?
- Importance of OH&S in Canada:
- 900 workplace-related deaths (4 Canadian workers die each day)
- Over 1 million work-related injuries each year
- 340 000 serious injuries causing at least one day of absenteeism
- Annually, $12 billion is paid to those injured and their families
- Any cut, fracture, sprain or amputation resulting from a workplace accident or from exposure
involving an accident in the work environment.
- Any abnormal condition or disorder, other than one resulting from an occupational injury,
caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employment.
Importance of Health and Safety
- Economic considerations – direct and indirect costs
- Legal considerations – legal right to safe working conditions and due diligence (an employer has
to do everything that they can to make sure that everyone is working in a safe environment)
- Moral considerations – right thing to do for everyone is to provide a safe environment
- Federal – all of Canada
- Provincial and Territorial – Ontario (OH&S Act), BC – regulations under worker’s compensation
act, enforcement agencies
- Protection for workers, rights for workers to refuse work, duties and responsibilities assigned to
Whose responsibility is OHS?
- comply with all applicable acts and legislation
- Report hazardous conditions and defective equipment
- Follow all employer H&S rules, including the use of protective equipment
- Advise employees of potential workplace hazards
- Ensure that workers use or wear safety equipment, devices, and clothing - Provide written instruction where applicable
- Take every reasonable precaution to guarantee the safety of workers
- Provide a hazard free workplace.
- Comply with statutes and regulations.
- Inform employees about OH&S regulations.
- Keep records and summaries.
- Ensure supervisors and employees are familiar with hazards.
- Report any accidents that cause injury and death.
Joint Health and Safety Committees
- Provide a forum where management and labour can work together
- One manager and one worker certified in safety
- Involved in inspections, work refusals
- Investigate accidents
- Respond to worker concerns
What happens when there is non-compliance?
It depends on:
- Seriousness of the violation
- Province and jurisdiction’s penalty
- Bill C-45 – corporate killing law – criminal charges on people in the workplace that is related to a
- Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB)
- An injured worker can receive: - cash pay-outs or wage loss payments, unlimited medical aid and
vocational rehabilitation (psychological rehab)
Elements in Safe Work Environment
1) Safety motivation and knowledge
- involve employees in designing safety standards and programs
- safety incentives and rewards
- include employees in investigations
2) Accident investigation and Records
- every inciden