Occupational Health & Safety Management
HRM 3400 – Winter 2012 – Anna Blake
Lecture 1 – Introduction – Jan 09
Occupational Health and Safety
- The focus of this course is to introduce students to the broad field of occupational
health and safety (OHS) management under the conceptual framework of a
- Students will learn about federal and provincial occupational health and safety
legislation, hazard recognition, assessment and control techniques (physical,
chemical, biological, ergonomic, including socio-psychological aspects) and the
management of safety programs.
- The overall goal is to provide, in a relatively non-technical manner, an approach
to OH&S that is applicable to students in human resources, as well as those
seeking careers in health and safety and other areas of business and
- Early emphasis on illness caused by exposure from mining (lead, gold, silver,
copper, zinc, iron, mercury).
- 1800s – Industrial revolution
o Machinists exposed to oils used for lubricants during cutting and grinding
operations (acne and skin diseases).
o Deaths from injuries.
o Mechanization of spinning and weaving resulted in Byssinosis (brown
lung) from the dust.
o Early 1800s brought about the factories acts (child labour laws).
o 1884 ‘Ontario Factories Act’.
o 1978 last major overall ‘Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act (8
years after OSHA in the U.S.A.) after the 1976 ‘Report of the Royal
Commission on the Health and Safety of Worker’s in Mines’ (the Ham
Psychosocial Work Environment
- The psychosocial work environment includes the organization of work and the
organizational culture; the attitudes, values, beliefs and practices that are
demonstrated on a daily basis in the enterprise, and which affect the mental and
physical well-being of employees.
- These are sometimes generally referred to as workplace stressors, which may
cause emotional or mental stress to workers.
Personal Health Resources - Personal health resources in the workplace means the supportive environment,
health services, information, resources, opportunities and flexibility an enterprise
provides to workers.
- To support or motivate their efforts to improve or maintain healthy personal
- As well as to monitor and support their ongoing physical and mental health.
Enterprise Community Involvement
- Enterprises exist in communities, affect and are affected by those communities.
Since workers live in the communities, their health is affected by the community
physical and social environment.
- Enterprise community involvement comprises the activities, expertise, and other
resources and enterprise engages in or provides to the social and physical
community or communities in which it operates; and which affect the physical
and mental health, safety and well-being of workers and their families. It includes
activities, expertise and resources provided to the immediate local environment,
but also the broader global environment.
- Corporate social responsibility.
Physical Work Environment
- The physical work environment is the part of the workplace facility that can be
detected by human or electronic senses, including the structure, air, machines,
furniture, products, chemicals, materials and processes that are present or that
occur in the workplace, and which can affect the physical or mental safety, health
and well-being of workers.
- If the worker performs his or her tasks outdoors or in a vehicle, then that location
is the physical work environment.
Business Case for Health and Safety
o Compliance with the law.
Occupational health and safety act and regulations.
o Not being aware of legal requirements is not a defense for non-
o Minimum standards for business operations.
o Accident costs
2005 average LT injury in Ontario = $71,300.
Add other costs can rise to well over $100,000 (direct/indirect
o Insurance costs/workwell audit.
o High-risk workplace initiative.