Thursday October 3 , 2013 – Women’s Studies Lecture Brulee
- Race became a defining feature of Christianity, dating back to colonization
- White male European features become the features with which one measures and
differentiates one from another
o This becomes entrenched and associated, not only with religion but also
with ethical values as well as aesthetic values
- By the time we get to the 19 century, while colonization is taking part In the world,
we have not only this idea of race being entrenched in religious values and
aesthetics, but we have this emergence of the scientific revolution and the
o The beginning of biology as a means to reach a truth, a rise in biological
basis for the racial differences
- A biological hierarchy emerges as a discourse to differentiate the races
- People look at Darwin and science and say well there mist be a biological basis for
the differences between us
o Looking toward science as a ‘religion’ to show the truth and answer this
o Looking at cadavers and using crainology to measure people’s brain sizes
- African woman was very different to that of the European woman in terms of her
body (wider hips and bigger buttocks)
o Mainly because Europeans had to wear corsets to make themselves smaller
and black women didn’t, you have to look at social context, scientists didn’t
look at it and just based it on race
- Race and racialization and racism is something that has come to be common
- We differentiate through the races through racial power
o Racial power is about exclusion and domination and exploitation based on
- Racialize discourse emerges during the 1800’s, during the time of slavery, these
discourses emerge during these time and we are told that certain populations are
less rational, intelligent and capable than us. What we do is we justify the discourse
and the enslavement of the people because “they have not evolved”
- These discourses find themselves expressed in policies, rules and congress found in
o Example, The Indian Act, a movement that focuses on what Aboriginals are
entitled to, what their every move is etc
- Aspect of racial power is the idea of capitalism -- Cornel West, argued that the white
supremacist idea that emerges in north America, comes from this judo-christian
value system and the scientific model, as well as the psycho-sexual.
o In the psychosexual we have this collation of belief that the black other is
inferior but also alien, that they are so different that they’re almost another
o Cornel West says “the normative gaze”, is to look upon the other as alien and
inferior, not just different. With this we get symbols and metaphors about
other people being viewed as dirty, ignorant and sexually promiscuous.
o The psychosexual notion of sexual perversity being placed on the other.
Black women were topless, to the European male this was VERY sexual, and
so we have this coalescing of not only values of religion and aesthetics, but
now of sex.
- We have theories emerging in the 19 century of interracial sex and marriage –
strictly prohibited. o Laws became what we call anti miscegenation emerging to ensure that the
races remain separated.
- Racial subjectivity – identity and subjectivity.
- Race becomes like a double voice where it serves racial oppression on one hand, and
racial liberation on the other.