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Lecture # 2 Conception.doc

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York University
Human Rights and Equity Studies
HREQ 1900
Nadiah Habib

Lecture # 2: Narratives of Conception 1. the dominant ideology: A set of interrelated beliefs that tell us how the world works and how it ought to work, hence it is descriptive and prescriptive, it describes and prescribes. These taken for granted notions come to appear natural to us, but there is nothing natural about them. The dominant ideology reinscribes and reinforces the status quo and resists change. 2. objectivity : there is nothing objective about objectivity, both the notion of objectivity and the notion of the dominant ideology go hand in hand. When something appears objective, it is camouflaging its perspective. When the perspective is stated and evident it invites us to think with it or against it. The notion of ‘perspective’ has been made suspect, while the notion of objectivity is made to seem more valuable. 3. difficult knowledge: difficult knowledge is knowledge that often challenges the dominant ideology that is either difficult for us to accept, so we reject it and its source [because it deeply challenges some of our long held beliefs] or we embrace it wholeheartedly without subjecting that knowledge to a critical evaluation. When you are in the grips of difficult knowledge it is important to ask yourselves: what is it about this information that is causing me to reject it so vehemently/ or what is it about this information that I find so seductive? 4. Problematization is a critical and pedagogical dialogue or process and may be considered a process of demystification. Rather than taking the common knowledge (myth) of a situation for granted, problematization poses that knowledge as a problem, allowing new viewpoints, consciousness, reflection, hope, and action to emerge. What may make problematization different from other forms of criticism is its target, the cont
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