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Lecture 2

HUMA 1105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Parataxis, Stone Age, Theogony

Course Code
HUMA 1105
Loredana Kun

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Dr. Loredana Kun
Lecture Notes: Classical Myth
1. What is a Myth? A Myth is a traditional story.
Understanding Myth
Myths are old stories. There is more to mythology than ‘false stories.’
People have been studying mythology for almost as long as human beings
have been telling stories
Many myths were composed at a time when writing had not been invented
or was not widely used for literary purposes. They were later written down,
but many originated in oral form with the characteristics of oral composition
To be an effective reader, it is important to note:
Characteristics of oral myth (repetition, an abundance of names and
titles, and parataxis _
Characteristics of written myth (a literary framework, the author’s goals, and
2. The polysemantic essence of the myth:
3. The word myth comes from the Greek word mythos, that means verbal
communication, speech, story, plot.
Mythology is the study of myths (different traditional stories or tales
orally transmitted from generation to generation) and has been
interpreted by some scholars as a product of potential fantasy
Literary World
The Greek Language- Eastern European (Alpha and Omega) 24 characters
Boustrophedon- Ox-turning (right to left writing)
Intrinsic (4 examples)
Rhetorical Criticism- Keywords, themes, motifs
Formal Criticism- literal features of Greek literature, drama, tragedy,
hymns, epic, …
Narrative Criticism- characterization, setting, plot
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