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HUMA 1110 (9)
Lecture

Feb2_

4 Pages
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Department
Humanities
Course Code
HUMA 1110
Professor
Stephen Ford

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February-4-09
Genesis 37 50
1.Historical background of Torah
Torah or Pentateuch (means five books)
The general concensus is that Moses wrote all five books between the
16th and 15th century BCE
Joshua (15th 14th century BCE)
Two different views on the creation of the torah; Traditional, and
Documentary Hypothesisthese views are at odds with who the
authors of the Torah are and when it was last edited.
Documentary Hypothesis: the Torah is comprised of 4 main sources; it
was last edited in the 6th Century.
4 Sources are:
J’ source (God is referred to as Yahvist or Jahwist)
E’ source (God is referred to as Elohist)
P source (Priestly source)
‘D source (Deuteronomist)
Doublets also exist (several versions of the same story)
2. Characters and Summary of Genesis 37-50
Story of Joseph:
Joseph main character, favourite son of Jacob, and Rachel
Jacob/Israel Josephs Father
Rachel Josephs mother, Jacobs favourite wife
Josephs 11 brothers:
Reuben tries to save Joseph
Judah was his idea to sell Joseph into slavery
Simeon is held captive in Egypt by Joseph
Benjamin Jacob and Rachels youngest son
Ishmaelites bought Joseph for 20 pieces of silver and took him to Egypt
Potiphar courtier of the Pharaoh, buys Joseph from the Ishmaelites
Chief Jailer in charge of the Pharaohs jail, befriends Joseph
Cupbearer his dreams are interpreted by Joseph in jail, he later tells the
Pharaoh about Josephs skill for interpreting dreams
Baker - his dreams are interpreted by Joseph in jail, he is later executed
Joseph is 17 years old, he lives in the land of Canaan with his immediate family, where he helps to tend
the flocks
Joseph is Jacobs favourite son, for Joseph was born in Jacobs late age to Jacobs favourite wife; Rachel.
Jacob presents Joseph with an ornamented tunic, which makes Josephs older brothers so jealous that they
cannot even speak to him
Joseph tells his brothers of two dreams he has had, which makes his brothers hate him even more
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Description
February-4-09 Genesis 37 – 50 1. Historical background of Torah • Torah or Pentateuch (means ‘five books’) • The general concensus is that Moses wrote all five books between the 16 and 15 century BCE th th • Joshua (15 – 14 century BCE) • Two different views on the creation of the torah; Traditional, and Documentary Hypothesis…these views are at odds with who the authors of the Torah are and when it was last edited. • Documentary Hypothesis: the Torah is comprised of 4 main sources; it was last edited in the 6 Century. • 4 Sources are: • ‘J’ source (God is referred to as ‘Yahvist’ or ‘Jahwist’) • ‘E’ source (God is referred to as ‘Elohist’) • ‘P’ source (Priestly source) • ‘D’ source (Deuteronomist) • Doublets also exist (several versions of the same story) 2. Characters and Summary of Genesis 37-50 Story of Joseph: Joseph – main character, favourite son of Jacob, and Rachel Jacob/Israel – Joseph’s Father Rachel – Joseph’s mother, Jacob’s favourite wife Joseph’s 11 brothers: Reuben – tries to save Joseph Judah – was his idea to sell Joseph into slavery Simeon – is held captive in Egypt by Joseph Benjamin – Jacob and Rachel’s youngest son Ishmaelites – bought Joseph for 20 pieces of silver and took him to Egypt Potiphar – courtier of the Pharaoh, buys Joseph from the Ishmaelites Chief Jailer – in charge of the Pharaoh’s jail, befriends Joseph Cupbearer – his dreams are interpreted by Joseph in jail, he later tells the Pharaoh about Joseph’s skill for interpreting dreams Baker - his dreams are interpreted by Joseph in jail, he is later executed • Joseph is 17 years old, he lives in the land of Canaan with his immediate family, where he helps to tend the flocks • Joseph is Jacob’s favourite son, for Joseph was born in Jacob’s late age to Jacob’s favourite wife; Rachel. • Jacob presents Joseph with an ornamented tunic, which makes Joseph’s older brothers so jealous that they cannot even speak to him • Joseph tells his brothers of two dreams he has had, which makes his brothers hate him even more www.notesolution.com • DREAM #1 – Joseph and his brothers are binding sheaves in the fields when suddenly Joseph’s sheaf stands up tall, and the brothers’ sheaves gather around and bow to Joseph’s sheaf • Joseph’s brothers interpret this dream as meaning that Joseph intends to rule/reign over them • DREAM #2 – the sun, the moon, and 11 stars bow down to Joseph • This dream, he also tells to his father, who berates him…interpreting it as meaning that himself, Rachel, and his sons must bow down to Joseph. • One day while working in far off fields, Joseph’s brothers conspire to kill Joseph • Reuben, one of the brothers, convinces the rest not to kill Joseph, but to throw him in a pit…Reuben later intends to rescue Joseph from the pit, and return him to his father • When Joseph gets to where his brothers are, they strip him of his ornamented tunic and throw him in an empty well/pit • After doing so, the brothers sit down to a meal • A caravan of Ismaelites approaches, and Judan, one of the brothers, convinces the other brothers to sell Joseph into slavery instead of killing him • Joseph is sold to the Ishmaelites for 20 piecesof silver • To cover this up, the brothers slaughter a goat and cover Joseph’s tunic with goat blood, and present it to Jacob • Jacob assumes that Joseph has been devoured by a wild beast, and mourns his son for many days • Meanwhile, the Ishmaelites reach Egypt and sell Joseph to Potiphar; a courtier of the Pharaoh Story of Judah and Tamar: Judah – Joseph’s brother, who tried to save Joseph Tamar – widow of Judah’s eldest son, tricks Judah into having sex with her, so that she may conceive the son that she had been promised • While Jacob mourns Joseph, and Potiphar buys Joseph from the Ishmaelites, Judah decides to leave his brothers • Judah finds a wife and has 3 sons • Judah finds a wife for his first born son (Er) her name is Tamar • Er was displeasing to the Lord, so the Lord took his life • Judah tells his second son, Onan, that he must do right buy his older brother and provide Tamar with a son • Onan sleeps with Tamar but doesnot want to provide his older (dead) brother with a son, so he ‘wastes his seed’ • This is displeasing to the lord, so Onan’s life is taken as well • Judah tells Tamar, his daughter-in-law, to remain as a widow and to go live with her father until Judah’s youngest son is old enough for her • Judah’s youngest grows up, but Judah does not fulfill his promise to Tamar • Judah’s wife dies, and after a period of mourning Judah sets out on the road • Tamar hears of this and devises a plan…she veils her face and waits by the road for Judah • When Judah passes Tamar, he doesnot recognize her, and assumes that she is a prostitute • Judah agrees to provide Tamar with a goat if she sleeps with him • They have sex and Tamar conceives • Since Judah must send for the goat he agrees to leave his staff, seal, and cord with Tamar until she gets her goat • Judah sends a man to deliver the goat and collect his belongings, but the prostitute cannot be found • Later Judah gets word that Tamar is with child, Judah asked that she be brought out to be burned for her harlotry • But when he finds out that Tamar
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