HUMA 1400 Lecture Notes - Lashkar-E-Islam

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
York University
Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1400
Shintō (神道)
The Introduction
Literally translated into ‘The Way of the Gods’
Introduced to Japan after unification of the country
Term did not exist prior; only existed after Buddhism was introduced
o Used to differentiate after introduction of Buddhism between the old
religion
Kami: Something religious, something divine
o Reside in heaven, in the air, in the forest, mountains, rocks, plants, or
wherever there was ‘sacred space’
o Could be mischievous or serious
o Could be in human or animal form
o More than eight million Kami after the war
First ‘official histories’ of Japan:
o Kojiki (古事記) Records Of Ancient Matters
o Nihon Shoki (日本書紀) Chronicle of Japan
o Both contain age of human and age of gods
o Both contain creation myths
Chronicle Of Japan
Good deities described as fireflies
Bad deities described as buzzing flies
Trees and herbs can speak / talk; not necessarily literally
Age Of Gods
http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/Iz-Le/Izanagi-and-Izanami.html
Original gods emerged from mud and darkness
Izanagi (male) and Izanami (female)
o Brother and sisters; also spouses
o Descended from heaven; came down the bridge connecting heaven
and earth
o Mission was to create land
o Took a spear and churned the water below; as they lifted it out, salt
water fell and created islands
Amaterasu Omikami
o Sun Goddess
o Shrine and Ise
Ise is rebuilt every twenty years with traditional tools and with
natural materials
Rebuilding the shrine has to do with the theme of renewal
Susano’o no Mikoto
o Storm God
o Izumo Shrine
Not rebuilt every 20 years
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Document Summary

Literally translated into the way of the gods". Introduced to japan after unification of the country. Term did not exist prior; only existed after buddhism was introduced: used to differentiate after introduction of buddhism between the old religion. First official histories" of japan: kojiki ( ) records of ancient matters, nihon shoki ( ) chronicle of japan, both contain age of human and age of gods, both contain creation myths. Trees and herbs can speak / talk; not necessarily literally. Original gods emerged from mud and darkness. Amaterasu omikami: sun goddess, shrine and ise. Ise is rebuilt every twenty years with traditional tools and with natural materials. Rebuilding the shrine has to do with the theme of renewal. Susano"o no mikoto: storm god, izumo shrine. Has to do with the koko principle; it is austere and carries the idea of age and a weathered appearance. Koko deals with things that look stern, forbidding, etc.

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