Ancient israel: the story of three histories and three covenants. Agenda: lecture 5: hauer and young, what to learn, three histories and three covenants, conclusion, tutorial. Hauer and young: the literary world: covenant and law, the covenant: what is it, basically two types of laws. Casuistic (conditional) eg: exodus 22:25: three important law codes. Israelites that they have to fulfill the commandments. Three histories and three covenants: a covenant is a formal, sacred treaty or agreement between two parties with each assuming obligation(s, the sinai covenant (exodus 19-20) shows moses as divinely chosen according to the. Sinai covenant, god made a commitment to the people of israel that is conditional. Indeed the whole earth is mine, but you shall be for me a priestly kingdom and a holy nation exodus 19:5-6. Looking at the text it is always significant to see how israel is developed. If you obey and show obedience god would do everything for you.