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Lecture 6

HUMA 1850 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Hormah, Tel Hazor

Course Code
HUMA 1850
Loredana Kun

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Bible tutorial January 22, 2013
-know book or chapter name or terms come from.
Samson Saga
-significance of the story
-repetitive, women cannot have children but God decides to give them a child.
Shows that he is merciful to people who follow him.
-did not tell anyone he killed the lion because it would go against his practice
-hair symbolizes obedience to god, by not cutting it.
-Had his eyes taken out as similar to castration, but losing his sight also
represented not being able to see his path
-message of trust, he told his secret and suffered for it. Quick to trust people, did
not learn.
Joshua takes the name from Moses successor. Takes the people across the Jordan river
near the city of Jericho
-first went south and then north. Joshua offers a testament as moses did.
-numerous cities and regions were occupied and destroyed
-shows how it is not problem to take over
-judges emphasize differently
1.Military campaigns
-Yahweh commissions Joshua
-spying the land
-cross the Jordan
-events at Gilgal
-Military stories
1) Jericho
3) Southern city-states
4) Hazor
5) list of conquests
2. Tribal Territories
3. Covenant considerations
Mt. Nebo is where moses dies
The Book of judges
-takes its name from the charismatic- exercising a compelling charm that inspires
devotion in others. Tribal figures who emerged as learders of Israel (called delivererers
and judges) series of crises
-these incidents are provoked by the fact that Canaanites are still in the land
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-The book of Judges concludes with stories of tribal disunity and humiliation and the
following much later editorial comment: in those days there was no king in Israel; all the
people did what was right in their own eyes
Deuteronomistic History (DH)
- one very noticeable imprint of DH is a cyclical pattern, repeating again and again
-the unfaithfulness of Israel results in oppression until the people cry out (pray) for a
deliverer whom God will raise and then accomplish this deliverance
-Joshua’s story is about fulfilling the divine promise of giving a land to Israel
-Judges’ story is about how Yahweh left the Canaanites in the land to teach Israel to
remember her God
-both Joshua and judges are part of this composite work which begins with Deuteronomy
and continues through Samuel and Kings
-they all bear the sample of a particular theological interpretation of history
-This editor is called the DH
-There are several Anachronism (“something attributed to a period in which it does not
belong” that bear this out
1. Iron- chariots and implements (Jg:1:19, 4:2) 200 years before iron first existed
2. Kings in Moah and Ammon 300 years before they existed
Howard and Young- stories are balanced by what had God had actually intended rather
than what actually happened
Editor repeated story from Joshua and Judges, why it happened again
The settlement and the period of the judges
Literary genres in Joshua and Judges
-conflicting traditions are not well integrated by the editor:
1. some cities are captured twice
-Bethel (josh 12, judge 1)
2. Some three times
-Hebron (Josh, 10, 15, Judge 1)
Debit (Josh 10, 15, Judge 1)
-Hormah (Num 21, Josh 12, Judge 1)
A careful reading is demanded of the scholar, must pay attention to clues within the text.
Occupation of Canaan
-Literary world: balance in Josh 1-12, Judge 1-2
1. H&Y look to Balance biblical accounts
Joshua -conquer land by strict obedience
-divide among tribes
-share in a covenant renewal ceremony
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