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Lecture 10

HUMA 1850 Lecture 10: Feb 10.docx

Course Code
HUMA 1850
Loredana Kun

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1850 February 10, 2014
Difference in tone:
Exodus- God manifesting his power
Psalm- theme reminding them about their past transgressions to god
-78- giving thanks to god in the deliverance
read all poems from ecclesiastes and proverbs and choose 3 for Wednesday present
Forms and characteristics of poetry
A. the book of Psalms (Hebrew: tehillim)
4. later Rabbis emphasized the character of the book of psalms as a summary of the bible:
a. they divided it into five parts (see next slide) j
5. dedications preceding each psalm are later additions:
a. one each dedicated to moses, Heman (grandson of Samuel) and Ethan (known
for his wisom 1 lgs 3:31)
b. two for Solomon
c. nine of asaph (a levite in David’s choir, 1 chr. 6:30_
d. twelve for Korah (second temple singer)
e. seventy-three for david
6. david’s imprint on the book of psalms develops from his rise to power
a. he is introduced as a harp player (1 Sm 16:23)
b. he sings a song as his last will and testament (2 Sm 23:1-7)
7. technically the words “psalm”, “song” or “poem” refer to a literary technique used in
any genre
a. the language in every genre has tempo or sound quality
b. A psalm, song or poem is a tradition in which the tempo is pronounced
i. English increases tempo by rhyming the ends of lines
ii. semitic languages increase tempo with a type of repetition called parallelism or
Two major types of psalms: Hymns and Laments
1. most Hymns have two components: a call to worship and a creation story (some only
have 1)-calls to worship challenge their audiences to praise and acknowledge Yahweh
i. the standard call is praise Yahweh! Or Allelia
ii. other verbs like Come!, Sing!, Shout!, give thanks! Extol!
b. The creation story in a hymn offers a rationale or explanation why one
worships Yahweh
i. It is Yahweh who acts, but it is the Hebrews who must tell the story
ii. the two most common creation stories describe Yahweh as a breator and as
warrioras creator, Yahweh builds the cosmos
as warrior, Yahweh delivers the Hebrews from slavery
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