HUMA 1850 Lecture Notes - Demas, Synoptic Gospels, Matthew 24

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Published on 11 Oct 2012
School
York University
Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1850
Professor
solomon wrote the song of songs, ecclesiastes and proverbs.
kingdom of israel dated 1020 B.C.E. to 922 BCE
1. The Synoptic Gospels
C THE GOSPEL GENRE
general information about the gospels:
1. WRITTEN 35-75 YEARS AFTER JESUS’ DEATH
2. all this is on a handout
The stages of Oral Transmission
B 3 Ways it changes content
1. Oral transmission always involves clarification
2. Oral transmission involves memorizing form
3. Oral transmission from memory means random access. (you’re not going to get
everything, more random)
D CONSEQUENCES?
1. Transmitted message much later written down
2. Individual episodes gradually combined
3. Produced an interpreted view Jesus (kerygma): Greek term translated as
“Preaching”
THE SYNOPTIC PROBLEM
A AGREEMENT IN WORDING
1. Recorded history - not satisfactory explanation
i. when they do not agree?
ii. Aramaic to Greek: translation odds
iii. What about John’s version?
synoptic is about Matthew Mark and Luke, how the three of them fit together, they use
similar words, tell similar stories. almost word to word similarities in places. as
opposed to John which is quite different.
i.e. Matthew 9:6, Mark 2:10-11, Luke 5:24
Matthew and Luke are writing at about the same time, but in different countries and to
different audiences.
D THE PRIORITY OF MARK
1. Argument from length
-97% Mark found in Matthew
-88.4% Mark found in Luke
-44.4% Matthew not found in Mark
-52.9% Luke not found in Mark
1. Argument from Grammar
i. Colloquialisms and incorrect grammar. (Mark seems to have come first because
it is less well written than Luke for example)
iii. Redundancies (213 examples!)
Mk 1:32 “That evening at sundown
Mk 2:18 another example.
2. Jesus’ power.
i. jesus is not as powerful in Mark.
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Document Summary

Solomon wrote the song of songs, ecclesiastes and proverbs. kingdom of israel dated 1020 b. c. e. to 922 bce: the synoptic gospels. C the gospel genre general information about the gospels: written 35-75 years after jesus" death, all this is on a handout. B 3 ways it changes content: oral transmission always involves clarification, oral transmission involves memorizing form, oral transmission from memory means random access. (you"re not going to get everything, more random) D consequences: transmitted message much later written down, individual episodes gradually combined, produced an interpreted view jesus (kerygma): greek term translated as. Matthew and luke are writing at about the same time, but in different countries and to different audiences. D the priority of mark: argument from length. 52. 9% luke not found in mark: argument from grammar, colloquialisms and incorrect grammar. (mark seems to have come first because it is less well written than luke for example, redundancies (213 examples!)

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