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Lecture

Worlds of Childhood - Week 7 Lecture.docx

4 Pages
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Department
Humanities
Course Code
HUMA 1970
Professor
Krys Verrall

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Chapter 3 – Sons and Daughters of Liberty
By: Steven Mintz
Not all those that participated in the American Revolution were grown-ups; children and
teenagers were a part of it too
The American Revolution had far-reaching effects on children’s lives
War disrupted many families, greatly increasing the number of widows, single-parent
households, and orphans
The Revolution also ended indentured servitude, weakened apprenticeships, and
contributed to more egalitarian relations within households
In the immediate post-revolutionary period, childhood became the object of political
discourse
Primary responsibility for instilling republican in children rested with mothers, who
needed more education to meet this high responsibility
oNeeded to expand system of schooling
The American Revolution was both the product of and catalyst for far-reaching shifts in
ideas, values, and behaviour
oSignificant shift involved a growing rejection of patriarchal rule
Patriots and Loyalists constantly drew upon the parent-child analogy
oPatriots
Patriots used the language of nurture and maturation and called upon the
colonies to break free from dependence and subordination
Patriots used John Locke and Francis Hutcheson ideas and argued that
parliamentary authority (like a parent’s powers over children) and that the
colonists had a right to independence when they achieved maturity or if
the parents abused their power
oLoyalists
Loyalists said that the colonists, like children, owed gratitude and loyalty
to the mother country and risked severe chastisement if they revolted
Loyalists argued force alone could restore respect for British authority
Parents might use corporal punishment to correct a rebellious
child
Defenders of royal authority (Thomas Hobbes or Robert Filmer) compared the
relationship between a king and his subjects to that between a patriarchal father and his
children
Filmer argued that monarchical authority received divine sanction from the Fifth
Commandment
oChildren honour their father
oEnglish monarchy derived its right to rule
John Locke (who wanted to impose limits on royal power) rejected Filmer’s analogy
oTwo Treatises on Government
Argued that government was a human institution that citizens had the
right to modify
oTheory of Natural Rights
Laws of nature endow individuals with certain inalienable rights
King’s power was limited by natural law; his powers were given to him as
a trust for the good of the people

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Description
Chapter 3Sons and Daughters of LibertyBy Steven MintzNot all those that participated in the American Revolution were grownups children and teenagers were a part of it tooThe American Revolution had farreaching effects on childrens livesWar disrupted many families greatly increasing the number of widows singleparent households and orphansThe Revolution also ended indentured servitude weakened apprenticeships and contributed to more egalitarian relations within householdsIn the immediate postrevolutionary period childhood became the object of political discoursePrimary responsibility for instilling republican in children rested with mothers who needed more education to meet this high responsibilityoNeeded to expand system of schoolingThe American Revolution was both the product of and catalyst for farreaching shifts in ideas values and behaviouroSignificant shift involved a growing rejection of patriarchal rulePatriots and Loyalists constantly drew upon the parentchild analogyoPatriotsPatriots used the language of nurture and maturation and called upon the colonies to break free from dependence and subordinationPatriots used John Locke and Francis Hutcheson ideas and argued that parliamentary authority like a parents powers over children and that the colonists had a right to independence when they achieved maturity or if the parents abused their poweroLoyalistsLoyalists said that the colonists like children owed gratitude and loyalty to the mother country and risked severechastisement if they revoltedLoyalists argued force alone could restore respect for British authority Parents might use corporal punishment to correct a rebellious childDefenders of royal authority Thomas Hobbes or Robert Filmer compared the relationship between a king and his subjects to that between a patriarchal father and his childrenFilmer argued that monarchical authority received divine sanction from the Fifth CommandmentoChildren honour their fatheroEnglish monarchy derived its right to rule John Locke who wanted to impose limits on royal power rejected Filmers analogyoTwo Treatises on GovernmentArgued that government was a human institution that citizens had the right to modifyoTheory of Natural RightsLaws of nature endow individuals with certain inalienable rightsKings power was limited by natural law his powers were given to him as a trust for the good of the people
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