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HUMA 1970 Lecture Notes - Photovoice, Turnitin

Course Code
HUMA 1970
Krys Verrall

of 4
Lecture Notes
Visual Culture
Children are part of history and part of the social world
oThinking about how different childhoods in picture books represented various
oPower relationships between children and adults
oHow do we activate voices of the young
If experience is mediated by ideology then how can we know children and childhood?
Be self-conscious of your position in adult and child relationships
oInnocent child
oChildren not knowing certain material
oIf children are experts why don’t we allow them to BE the experts
oBe aware in terms of the work we are doing
What is Visual Culture?
Surrounded by images everywhere we go
Much of what we know comes from our ability to produce and circulate visual
How do we make sense/come to terms of the visual images we see
oGet a sense of how scholars in different fields interpret visual objects
oAesthetic value vs. documentary value
oCritical theory
Interplay between ourselves and images
Images teach us, reveal things we don’t see
oThey can also misinform
oParticipate in construction of stereotypes (racist or demeaning)
Photovoice Assignment
Mitchell and Reid-Walsh readings
Participatory methods that redefine research methods
Visual methods
Talks about doing research in Canada (Toronto & Montreal) and Africa
Talks about the use of drawings
Illiciation (photo images, photovoice and conversations)
Family albums/photographs
Cinematic texts
oThink about ourselves how we were children
oThink about the way we use memory work to look at our own family photographs
oWhat do we bring to our experience and how does photovoice help us?
Photovoice is the most democratic because it uses photography as a way of thinking
about what we’re doing
Participants are not objects of research but are subjects of research
Taking pictures of objects, places or things that best express our idea
How do young people see the world differently than how we see it?
Explain big research question and then state the prompt
Don’t take one experience for one participant and universalize it
o“Childhood is not characterized by ideologies, but childhood has their own culture
and their own practices”
oDenies the idea of the single idea of childhood
Tutorial Notes
Childhood social construction
oChildhood is not a real thing
oHasn’t always existed
oDidn’t exist the way it does today
The idea of children
oMarginalizing a group of society
oGrouped my ethnicity, religion, age, gender etc.
oWe are comparing them to what is considered the dominant group
oThe dominant “idea” of what is a normal – white male, heterosexual, married etc.
Children become characterized as what adults are not
oAdults are knowing/grown-up, children are not (ideology)
oIdeas become so common in society that we overlook it and believe it is true
o“Innocent child”
We consume visual texts and ideologies are incorporated into visual texts
oHow you study children historically (working on children)
Traditional research method
The Game
How children weren’t marginalized and have children become
Historical constructions of childhood
oWorking with children
Asking the child
oPicture Books
Talk about social constructions
“I Want A Dog”
Many ideologies
“Red Land, Yellow River”
Lives lived by real children are not created by ideologies, they are
created through individuality
Photovoice Assignment
Our experiences are not based on the ideological ideas of being a student/young adult
How the participant sees the world
Asked participants to document their culture through photographs
Interview (after pictures)
oNo questionnaires
oHave questions prepared but they should be very broad
“Why did you take a picture of this?”
“What did you like about that particular object”
“Is it yours?”/ “where did you find it?”
What did you like about it, why do you like it, why did you take the picture
the way that you did?
Theoretical framework
oSee which articles work well with the pictures the child took
Research methodology
oProvide transcription of notes (if you record it, then you have to go back and type
it out to hand in
oUse any type of camera (digital, phone, disposable etc.)
oKeep all the photographs (printed)
oAnalyze your findings
“What have I learned about my research question?”
Talk about the ideologies
Maybe your research disproved the ideologies
oThe Outline
oSubmit the essay
Email it to either Candace or April
Put full name, course code, and title of the assignment in the
subject area
Submit the hardcopy in lecture
Submit a copy of the assignment to the Canadian Children’s Culture
Collection on a CD or DVD
Put the entire assignment (except for the signed ICF) on the
Submit a copy to Turnitin