1) 1-51: Odysseus and Telemachos remove the weapons so the suitors cannot access
2) 53-95: Virtual recognition scene. The first encounter between Odysseus and Penelope.
She does not recognize him however. Melanthos and Melanthios.
3) 96-316: lengthy interview between the beggar (Odysseus) and the Queen (Penelope).
He tries to reassure her that her husband will return, this is ironic because it is him.
Penelope remains skeptical of Odysseus’ return throughout the book
4) 317-393: Penelope orders to bathe the beggar. Odysseus in turn asks for an old maid to
bathe him. Odysseus does not want to reveal his identity and wants to still test which of
the serving maids were sleeping with the suitors and who should be punished.
5) Flash back scene. The boar hunt and Odysseus’ scar. Eurykleia recognizes this scar
6) Odysseus is recognized by Eurykleia. He threatens her and makes her be silent about
7) 508-604: Exchange between Odysseus and Penelope.
• There have been 2 different narratives going on in the Odyssey, one of Telemachos in
the Telemachy and Odysseus’ story
• Book 19 begins with Athena and Odysseus discussing the slaughter of the suitors with
Telemachos by his side.
• Athena has been supporting both Odysseus and Telemachos throughout the book.
• 283: Odysseus has some special connection to the gods and goddesses that
Telemachos does not.
• Odysseus turns to Telemachos and tells him to hide the weapons and if the suitors ask
why, the excuse is because the smoke doesn’t affect the weapons.
• Odysseus himself tries to test Penelope and the maids to see who slept with the suitors
and who is faithful.
• The exchange between Odysseus and Melanthos
• 66: Melanthos scolds Odysseus.
• 91-95: Penelope rebukes her maid who tries to make Odysseus go away. Compare this
to the way how other maids and suitors treat Odysseus. Some are kind, others are not.
This shows how Odysseus gains gradual respect. • Penelope then sits down with the beggar to learn about his identity and origin.
• Beggar asks why she persists him to know of his origins.
• Odysseus essentially claims he has seen Odysseus and reassures her that he is on his
way home if he isn’t already in the land of Ithaka.
• Penelope tells the beggar her ploy to prolong the courting with her unweaving of her
funeral thingy for Odysseus’ father.
• Penelope tells us here how the maidservants reveals to the suitors how she has been
deceiving them. This foreshadows how the guilty treacherous maidservants will be
punished with the suitors.
• 172: Odysseus says how he sees “him” and Penelope is skeptical of this tale. She wants
evidence if this beggar is telling the truth or not.
• The beggar tells Penelope of the brooch and tunic he had on.
• 221-231: This is the proof that the beggar offers to Penelope. Penelope herself
bestowed this tunic on him. This is the second description of an Ekphrasis. This is the
cunningness of Odysseus. He knows the design of this tunic and uses this knowledge
against Penelope. This is an act of deception.
• The beggar/Odys