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Lecture 35.docx

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HUMA 1105
Donald A Burke

F.W.J Schelling • He always refers to identity, subject, & object. • He establishes art (tragedy) as the highest point of his philosophy • He emphasizes Oedipus and his Fate (the object he is struggling against) • His struggle to escape his fate to achieve his freedom • The subjectivity of Freedom and The Objectivity of Fate is ultimately the same for Schelling. • There is a fundamental conflict between freedom and fate. • Oedipus does not want to murder his father and marry his mother. • Freedom and Necessity are ultimately proven to be identical • Schelling argues that tragedy is a sublime form of art; he thinks the subject recognizes their superiority over nature in his or her own way. • When Oedipus finally recognizes his guilt, he voluntary accepts punishment • Oedipus mentions early on in the play that the man who murdered Leos will be exiled from the country. He ends up blinding himself and being exiled. • He voluntary accepts his punishment; this is how this is tragic. • Ultimate freedom and ultimate necessity are identical Collision/ Conflict Subject --- Object Subjective Exercise of freedom --- Objective power of Fate Freedom --- Necessity G.W.F Hegel • The Collision Hegel focuses on is two sets of laws • At the end of Oedipus the king, he had 2 sons and 2 daughters with his mom, he exiles himself • His first son rules as king, but then his next son comes a year later and asks for kingship. • Second son organizes armies and attacks the city of the thieves • In this conflict, the attackers are unsuccessful • The two brothers kill each other. • Antigone takes place after the death of the two brothers, Kreon takes over as king • Kreon places a law that anyone who buries P will be put to death • Antigone appears to a different law, the sister of P, thinks it’s her duty as her sister to bury her brother. • She believes the divine law is more important than human law Collision/ Conflict Antigone --- Creon Law of the Family --- Law of the State Law of the Netherworld --- Law of the upper-world Divine Law --- Human
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