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Lecture 38.docx

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York University
HUMA 1105
Donald A Burke

Antigone • Page 37: Antigone highlights the role she is obligated to. She is adhered to the law of family and ancient custom. • She has an obligation to her brother, her blood relative. She believes this overrides any other law. To her, her family is of higher significance than the laws of the state. • Eumenides were assigned the right of family situations. Their primary function is to punish people which kill blood relatives, especially parents. Their justice is based on private justice such as vengeance and so on. This is private law. • There is a parallel between Antigone and the furies, they uphold the family. They believe the law of the state are new conceptions of justice. • The Furies believe their primary obligation is to punish those who kill blood relatives, that’s why they don’t think it was wrong of Clytemnestra to kill Agamemnon. • Many parallels between Orestes and Antigone. • Private and public justice in Eumenides. Here it is transferred in Antigone and Creon. • Sittkichkeit (German Term) – Greek Ethical Life • Antigone and Creon are both equally justified. If these 2 laws are equally justified and contradictory, how can this be a harmonious legal system? They are however, only adhering to one side of their respective laws. • Orestes, Antigone, and Creon only adhere to one obligation, the family or public law. • Creon doesn’t want to back down on his views. • Hegel believes Antigone is one of the best pieces of work • In Greek customs, Greeks are obligated to offer proper sacrificial rituals to the dead. • Orestes vs. Furies. Apollo and Athena vs. The Furies in Eumenides • Orestes only adheres to the duty to avenge his father’s murder. • Antigone disregards Creon’s laws and fulfills her own duties. • Creon does not want to be brought down by a woman. • Creon and Antigone are equally one sided, are equally justified according to one interpretation. • Antigone is ultimately sent away. • Haemon suggests to Creon to not kill her, the Chorus agrees with him too • Creon initially portrays himself as a tyrant, refuses to follow Haemon’s suggestions, and believes his law overrides the law of the family, and Antigone believes her law overrides the law of the state. • Creon disregards ancient cu
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