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Lecture

0924Study of Descartes - Lecture Notes.pdf

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1160
Professor
Stanley Tweyman
Semester
Fall

Description
September24- LectureNotes - P210 setsout theschemeforPhilosophy ○ Schoolswererunbythechurch - Syllogism ○ Containtwopremisesandaconclusion ○ Onegeneral,onespecific ○ "Allmenaremortal, Socrates is a man, thereforeSocratesis mortal."  Majorpremise  Realizesthefirstpremise,thateveryoneofthese,arethose  Inthecaseof any syllogisticargument,theconclusionoftheargumentnevergivesyounew knowledge □ Nothingnewisdiscoveredthroughasyllogism □ Allitdoesismanipulatesthesymbols. ○ SyllogisticLogic  Syntactical □ Indicatesthattherearerulesforthemanipulationofsymbols/words  Allitdoesisusedtoteachotherswhat youknow.  Nonewknowledgeinvolvedinthisatall  Therefore,itisnotsuited in thediscoveryofnewtruths - LogicofDiscovery ○ WearelookingforA Pioriknowledge ○ Whathemaintainstherefore,isthatalltheknowledgeweneedisalreadyinourminds  Justasallthe mathematicsthatweneedisalreadyinourminds.  AllMathematiciansaredoing,isbringingitoutofthemind,whichalreadypossessesit  Therefore,whatistheMathematiciandoingwhentheyaredoingmathematics □ Guidingourmindstotherelationshipsthatarerelevanttosolvingamathematical problem ○ Thelogicwhichteaches themind howtoseek theknowledgewhichis alreadyin themind. ○ Wehaveto studyMetaphysics  Therehasto beasubjectthatstudieseverything,ratherthanparticularthings
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