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HUMA 1170 (32)

Absolutism and the Baroque (HUMA 1170)

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York University
HUMA 1170
Tanya Taylor- Cherry

Absolutism and the Baroque: -Baroque: a cultural era 1600-1789 - Absolutism: a political system 1660-1789 1789: French Revolution -System of power politics -Coincides with the formation of proto-nation-states in Europe characterized by the concentration of power in certain territories From Republican to Absolutism How much authority do you want your leaders to have? Empire/Power: Absolutism Feudal Society: -Complex social hierarchies: Great Chain of Being - The state in which you were born, you have to stay in it - Religious inheritance. Religion is used to legitimize decisions. - Based upon personal dependence. (i.e the fealty oath) - Social and economic relationships are based upon land and service - Inherent and “national” hierarchal inequality- the 3 orders/estates Renaissance Society - Complex social hierarchies. New ideas. Possible to make certain advancements. - Based upon inherited world view - Social and economic relationships and increasingly linked to the rise of the city, protocapitalism and the burgeoning merchant class. - Inherent and ‘natural’ Absolutist Society: - Centralization of political, social and religious power of court centres. Ladder (Model): I IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Great Chain of Being (Model): I IIIII IIIII IIIII IIII IIIIIII IIIIIIII IIIIIII IIIIII IIIIIII IIIIIII IIIIIIIII IIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIII IIIIIIIIII Absolutism (Model): I (King) IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII - Based upon an inherited world view - Standing army, Bureaucracy, Taxation - Unintentional democratization: horizontal movement - Louis XIV (France) - Need opinion from nobles to go to war Modern Society: I (Elected official) IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII - Concept of a citizen-subject - Unified power structure under a nation state - Social and economic relations based upon money - Secular The Panopticon – Jeremy Bentham 1791 - 360 degrees – guard tower in the centre - promotes social discipline - absolute power makes use of certain mechanism
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