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Chapter 9-11.docx

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HUMA 1770
Leo Stan

Chapter 9 – The Expansion of Civilization in Southern Asia Silk Road – (Han Dynasty) - Kushans thrived on the commerce that passed through the area of the Silk Road -Trade between the Roman Empire and China transported through this route. -Trade between India and Europe begun before the rise of the Roman Empire. -Silk Road was an outlet for material goods, technology, and ideas. Religion – Muslim Rule on Indian Society -India came under Islamic rule, many Muslim rulers in India. -Hindu temples razed, and replaced with mosques. -Millions of Hindus turned to Muslim faith -Muslims viewed themselves as foreign conquers and maintained a strict separation between Muslim ruling class and the mass of Hindu population. -Muslim rule did not disrupt class and caste system Main Characteristics of Southeast Asian social and economic life, culture, and religion before 1500C.E -Paddy fields and spices -Traditional states of Southeast Asia can be divided between agricultural societies and trading societies. -Farming and trade = product of the environment -Role of India; Southeast Asian kinds were believed to possess special godlike qualities. -India supplied Southeast Asians with a writing system; originally had no written scripts for their language before the arrival of the Indian phonetic symbols. -Literature was written in the local language. -Hierarchical characteristics (top of the social ladder were hereditary aristocrats; monopolized politics and power in economic wealth) -Indian religions had a big impact on Southeast Asia. -> Believed mountains were sacred (souls are departed and retire after death) Chapter 10 – The flowering of Traditional China Major changes in political structures and social and economic life in the Sui Dynasty -Emperor sought to create a unifying ideology for the state in difference to Liu Bang in the Han Dynasty (Confucianism). -Yang Jian turned to Daoism and Buddhism. -This emperor was a builder and brought the construction of a canal. His son also was the same which facilitated the shipment of grain and other commodities from the rice-rice southern provinces to the densely populated north. -Dynasty came to an end after Sui Yangdi’s death The Mongol Empire - Succeeded the Song Dyn
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