Chapter 9 – The Expansion of Civilization in Southern Asia
Silk Road – (Han Dynasty)
- Kushans thrived on the commerce that passed through the area of the Silk Road
-Trade between the Roman Empire and China transported through this route.
-Trade between India and Europe begun before the rise of the Roman Empire.
-Silk Road was an outlet for material goods, technology, and ideas.
Religion – Muslim Rule on Indian Society
-India came under Islamic rule, many Muslim rulers in India.
-Hindu temples razed, and replaced with mosques.
-Millions of Hindus turned to Muslim faith
-Muslims viewed themselves as foreign conquers and maintained a strict separation between Muslim
ruling class and the mass of Hindu population.
-Muslim rule did not disrupt class and caste system
Main Characteristics of Southeast Asian social and economic life, culture, and religion before
-Paddy fields and spices
-Traditional states of Southeast Asia can be divided between agricultural societies and trading societies.
-Farming and trade = product of the environment
-Role of India; Southeast Asian kinds were believed to possess special godlike qualities.
-India supplied Southeast Asians with a writing system; originally had no written scripts for their
language before the arrival of the Indian phonetic symbols.
-Literature was written in the local language.
-Hierarchical characteristics (top of the social ladder were hereditary aristocrats; monopolized politics and
power in economic wealth)
-Indian religions had a big impact on Southeast Asia.
-> Believed mountains were sacred (souls are departed and retire after death)
Chapter 10 – The flowering of Traditional China
Major changes in political structures and social and economic life in the Sui Dynasty
-Emperor sought to create a unifying ideology for the state in difference to Liu Bang in the Han Dynasty
-Yang Jian turned to Daoism and Buddhism.
-This emperor was a builder and brought the construction of a canal. His son also was the same which
facilitated the shipment of grain and other commodities from the rice-rice southern provinces to the
densely populated north.
-Dynasty came to an end after Sui Yangdi’s death The Mongol Empire
- Succeeded the Song Dyn