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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 - India During Classical Period

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York University
HUMA 1770
William Gleberzon

Lecture 6 1 May 18th, 2011 India During the Classical Period  Empire called Kush (diff from the one in Africa) – in central Asia (now N of Afghanistan) o Invaded parts of India during this time period  Alexander took his army to parts of India (contact of Greek army with India)  Kushians adopted Buddhism from India  In South, earliest settlers continued to flourish  Indians found raw material – iron, copper, precious stones, cotton, silk, pearls  Hand craftsmen pass on their skills to their offspring o Mechanism to pass on knowledge = India prosper  Regulate the quality of goods in prices o Making competitions are safe within boundaries  Buddhist and Jane are religious foundations  Made India colourful with religious banners in festivals India  The Gupta Dynasty o Founded by Chandra Gupta o Found in Eastern part of India o Through conquest, India grew longer o His son Samudra o Chandra Gupta II continued the rich of India The Gupta Empire  Foreign conquest brought downfall, from central Asia Brahma  Religion flourished, Hinduism at its golden age  3 most powerful babies  central to Hindu tradition (Trimurti, Vishnu, Shiva)  Other religions = Buddhism and Jane  Limiting gods that are worshipped at this time  Trimurti = functions of creation, maintenance, destruction  Vishnu (Preserver) = took human incarnation, the master of the past, present and future, one who supports, sustains and governs the Universe and originates and develops all elements within. Vishnu governs the aspect of preservation and sustenance of the universe  Shiva The warrior = brought things to an end (growth – rebirth structure) authority over death, rebirth and immortalit Buddhism  Buddhist community in diff fashions = whether the Buddha was a sacred holy person or was he just a good teacher, turned the figure as a saint or a god or a secular/teacher  1. People are manifestation of the divine o Religion founded on teaching  Not the main religion, but had influence in art  Famous standing Buddha (474 common era) o Carved from fine gray sand stone o Clinging rope o Body is slight, shoulders are wide Lecture 6 2 May 18th, 2011 o Shape as oval = refine elegant o Downcast eyes = gentle Cave Painting  475 CE  Worn out cave painting  Still highly regarded today Gupta Learning  Literature flourished this period  Science was being developed  Math was revolutionized with Arabic numeral o Concept of 0 o Decimal system o Value of Pi – to measure circle o Algebra o Nalanda University Video: 7 Wonders of India  India = principle centre of learning  Nalanda University = Religious centre  Buddhist University Travel/Migration  Many monks escaped from the Turkish invasion, escaped to Tibet from Nalanda University  Navel exploration and trade Video: The Story of India  in time of Roman Empire o produce of wheat, grass, lava of beetle change India  Spice Routes and Silk Road  1 century BC, Roman Empire dotted the ports of the Red Sea  In July/August, SW wind, come out of Red Sea and go to India  Romans wanted spices from India o Pepper, ginger Han China  Sections of great wall built from Ching Dynasty on the left  Development in the South (northern Vietnam)  Large empire/territory Han Dynasty  2 periods (Eastern Han and Western Han)  Old capital of Ch’ang-An was destroyed by invading army  New capital was formed  Tendency of centralization continued under the Han Dynasty Lecture 6 3 May 18th, 2011  Han ruled over peace and prosperity (relative quiet, steady growth – like Roman Empire experienced with Augustus)  Government’s job = raise taxes, direct commerce traffic  Han Gaozu died after, but continued by his wife Empress Lu  Han Wudi extended great wall of China o Hostage ta
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