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HUMA 1770 (100)
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Lecture 20

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1770
Professor
Leo Stan
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture20ThursdayMarch132014Chapter25TheRiseofFascismBenitoMussolini18831945FascistifasciblackshirtsoFounderoftheFascistmovementoTheFasciwasfromRomantimesBundleofrodsWhywasthissymbolwasusedArodiseasytobreakindividuallybutmorethanonerodandbundledismoredifficulttobreakSymbolofthepoweroftheRomanstatebundleIdeologycollectiveemotionandactionmilitaristicconservativeautocraticIlDucerelativelyprocapitalistoImportanceanystateneedsanideologyasetofvaluesbywhichitlegitimatesitselfanditmotivatesitsactionsoPrioritizedemotionbeforeanythingelseattachmenttoyournationexcessiveorextremeformofnationalismoCollectivisticideologythegoodorthewellbeingofthestateofthepeopleofthenationisthemostimportantroleofthecitizenissecondaryifnotnegligibleoRegimealreadyhadasetofbeliefsandactedimmediatelyuponthosebeliefsTheybelievedmilitaristicactivismactionbeforeanythingelseoConservativeRegimeAttachedtotheirpastbeforeanythingelseRomanempireandwantedtokeeptheirpastaliveoAutocraticconcentrationofpowerisinthehandsofoneindividualandanyoneandanygroupcantquestionthepowerWorshipstheirrulerMussoliniIlDuceoTheywerenotstrictlyopposedtothecapitalistsystemTheyallowedandencouragedprivatepropertybuttheymadesuretokeepmostimportantindustriesincontrolbythestateAbolishedunionsandcontrollededucationMoreimportanttocontrolthemindsofyourcitizensinatotalitariangovernmentregimeoMussoliniadvocatedhighertaxesfortherichandwantedtoreducegovernmentexpensesAdolfHitlerandtheRiseofNazism1920s30sGermanyprofoundcrisisoTreatyofVersaillesinjusticemassivefeeslossoflandoMoneyinvestedbytheUSisbeingaskedbackdueto1929crashofthestockmarketoTheydonothavemoneyforcapitaloHighunemploymentpopulationfrustrationextremiststakeadvantageofthissituationWhenpeoplearedesperatetheywilllistentotheextremistsoSevereinflation
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