February 10, 2014
Lecture 18: News media and stories, media in war:
News and rumor:
new and rumor being conflated with one another
“ rumors being passed on.
Its interesting how rumor has united the gossip. (social media such as: tweeting)
How realizable the oral culture is. If you were to actually be there physically, then
its reliable. Being an eye witnessed (you can still be biased)
Rumors can be true and may not be true. Twitter is a rumor tool, which can be
true, or not. If you can see the rumors on twitter, they are usually about celebrities
or politicians, even sex lives (people like that)
In ancient times, rumor was figured by a different way. It had many tongues and
mouths. Or even a trumpet. News that is like a whisper which gets louder and
Circulation of reliable news is essential for democracy :
The connection of news with democracy?( important question to be asked to
You cant have democracy, you need power and authority. You have these groups
that don’t have freedom(its troubling people because budgets are being cut. You
have less journalism. We need this reliable news to get information.
We are lucky because we are in a democratic world.
Its not just that news is out there to be transmitted freely, its all kind of
constraints. News has been constructed. Media has to be constructed.
Why is it important for democracy? Because it has freely to be debated. It’s a
good thing because you are able to accessible, and much for interaction with
You are entitled to your opinion, but it has nothing. You need analysis.
Free speech is type of suppose to be constrained. You can get corporate power.
You can express the power. People in other countries, where the buildings are
collapsing. Because we can change the government through news, we know all of
it because of the news.
Its not that its not true, people work really hard to find it.
News; Expert commentaries; feedback:
you are going to get some sort of exposure from the news. That is what the people
usually discuss about. A lot to do with poverty and it always seems to be bad
It used to be print news and now its on the web. But the news paper( look at the
way its constructed. You have room for the editor. A good news paper is suppose to show both sides of
whether you agree or not. You want to see both sides. If its not dong that then its
not a good paper.
The way the quantity, not necessary the quality, ( no hate speech would go up
there) there is so much up there.
People can have their own blog speech up there. How superficial is there?
Some people actually go in dept. ( its all great, no) you need to dig into there and
actually can find access to viewing their things.
in 1800s you had this terrible oppression of natives people. You have to realize
they get archives. The new york times says” it makes the history that is told”.
There is enough of Spanish population; they got their own newspaper. You had it
in the 1800s. 1845, Germany newspaper.
Alternatives are important types of newspaper for a different mainstream. That is
not covered in the news.
New papers were quieting expensive. People use to sell newspapers for a penny
on the streets. Gossip started going on the newspapers. Thy added comics. The
early newspaper because sensational.
Now there is most about sex(check out counter)
Once now we have TV coming out, there was evening news. So newspaper had to
adjust to that. Because newspaper use to be afternoon papers while as now they
are morning. They have started putting more analysis where TV programs
couldn’t add in a short quick video.
News media: Values the ideals of impartiality and Accuracy:
it has to be constructed.
First of all, newspaper is business. Giving the newspaper is business. It’s a first
firm. 60% of newspaper is advertisement. Once it goes online( no
advertisements) But they are sneaking them in.
Facebook a while ago didn’t have advertisement.
News is business:
Advertisers pay for the audience to look at theirs adds. That is what the
newspapers are. They are actually quite a lot of money to have a full paper with
just add on it. They are usually funded.
They do have servers and networks. The owners can put pressure( happened with
ruppert) – if he is doing good business with china